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PURPOSE Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is associated with the breast ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA1/BRCA2) mutations. It is unknown if this association is causal. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN This is a single-site study of patients who underwent surgical pancreatic tumor resection and self-identified as Ashkenazi Jewish. DNA from normal pancreatic tissue(More)
Axin is a component of the canonical Wnt pathway that negatively regulates signal transduction by promoting degradation of beta-catenin. To study the role of Axin in development, we developed strains of transgenic mice in which its expression can be manipulated by the administration of doxycycline (Dox). Animals carrying both mouse mammary tumor virus(More)
Germline mutations of the breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) gene are a major cause of familial breast and ovarian cancer. The BRCA1 protein displays E3 ubiquitin ligase activity, and this enzymatic function is thought to be required for tumor suppression. To test this hypothesis, we generated mice that express an enzymatically defective Brca1. We found that this(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal malignancy that resists current treatments. To test epigenetic therapy against this cancer, we used the DNA demethylating drug 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC) in an aggressive mouse model of stromal rich PDAC (KPC-Brca1 mice). In untreated tumors, we found globally decreased 5-methyl-cytosine (5-mC) in(More)
Checkpoint inhibition has gained traction as an immu-notherapeutic approach. However, limited efficacy has been observed in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocar-cinoma (PDAC). Prior studies by our group have indicated that human pancreatic stellate cells (PSC), a major component of the pancreatic stroma secrete copious amounts of IL-6, which can act(More)
Exportin-1 (XPO1) is a nuclear export protein with >220 cargo proteins, including tumor suppressors and cell cycle modulators. Selinexor is a SINE (Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export) compound that has been administered to >900 cancer patients in Phase I and II trials to date, with evidence of efficacy and tolerability. Selinexor blocks nuclear export of(More)
Preclinical studies have suggested that the pancreatic tumor microenvironment both inhibits and promotes tumor development and growth. Here we establish the role of stromal fibroblasts during acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM), an initiating event in pancreatic cancer formation. The transcription factor V-Ets avian erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homolog(More)
Many DNA repair factors act to suppress tumor formation by preserving genomic stability. Similarly, the CtIP protein, which interacts with the BRCA1 tumor suppressor, is also thought to have tumor suppression activity. Through its role in DNA end resection, CtIP facilitates DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair by homologous recombination (DSBR-HR) and(More)