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Seven oligonucleotide primers complementary to the plasmid vector pBR322 at positions adjacent to five of the unique restriction endonuclease cleavage sites (EcoRI, HindIII, BamHI, SalI and PstI) have been chemically synthesized. The polarity of the primers is such that any DNA inserted at one or a combination of two of the above restriction sites may be(More)
PURPOSE The pedicled reverse-flow lateral arm flap has been described primarily for the reconstruction of nontraumatic elbow wounds. We describe our experience using this flap in staged operations for soft tissue coverage after elbow trauma, including acute coverage of open fractures and salvage of infected hardware. METHODS Review of patients who(More)
Replacement of missing bone stock is a reconstructive challenge to upper extremity surgeons and decision-making with regards to available choices remains difficult. Preference is often given to autograft in the form of cancellous, cortical, or corticocancellous grafts from donor sites. However, the available volume from such donor sites is limited and(More)
Single-crystal x-ray studies of d(C-G-C-G-A-A-T-T-C-G-C-G) exhibit base-pair propeller twisting [Dickerson, R. E. & Drew, H. R. (1981) J. Mol. Biol. 149, 761-786] that results in close contacts between adjacent purines in the minor groove in pyrimidine (3'-5')-purine steps and in the major groove in purine (3'-5')-pyrimidine steps [Calladine, C. R. (1982)(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been used to monitor the conformation and dynamics of the d(C1-G2-A3-T4-T5-A6-T6-A5-A4-T3-C2-G1) self-complementary dodecanucleotide duplex (henceforth called Pribnow 12-mer), which contains a TATAAT Pribnow box and a central core of eight dA X dT base pairs. The exchangeable imino and nonexchangeable base protons have(More)
This article describes the indications for and methods of managing phalangeal fractures. The fractures around the finger joints are particularly difficult to treat. The technical details and pitfalls for these cases are discussed in detail. The problems associated with the phalangeal fractures such as articular destruction, nonunion, and postoperative care(More)
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