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The omega-3 fatty acid ethanolamides, docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide (DHEA) and eicosapentaenoyl ethanolamide (EPEA), displayed greater anti-proliferative potency than their parent omega-3 fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), in LNCaP and PC3 prostate cancer cells. DHEA and EPEA activated cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2)(More)
Bone mass is determined by a continuous remodeling process, whereby the mineralized matrix is being removed by osteoclasts and subsequently replaced with newly formed bone tissue produced by osteoblasts. Here we report the presence of endogenous amides of long-chain fatty acids with amino acids or with ethanolamine (N-acyl amides) in mouse bone. Of these(More)
A novel photo protective mycosporine was isolated from the lichenized ascomycete Collema cristatum. Biological activity was measured in terms of protection against UV-B induced membrane destruction and pyrimidine dimer formation in cultured human keratinocytes, and prevention of UV-B induced erythema. It was found that the pure isolated compound prevented(More)
Activation of the CB2 receptor is apparently an endogenous protective mechanism. Thus, it restrains inflammation and protects the skeleton against age-related bone loss. However, the endogenous cannabinoids, as well as Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, the main plant psychoactive constituent, activate both cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. HU-308 was among the(More)
There is increasing evidence demonstrating that fatty acid derivatives play a key regulatory role in a variety of tissues. However, the study of skeletal lipidomics is just emerging and global strategies, such as targeted lipidomics, have not been applied to bone tissue. Such strategies hold great promises as in the case of genomics and proteomics. A(More)
The endocannabinoid (eCB) system helps recovery following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Treatment with 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), a cerebral eCB ligand, was found to ameliorate the secondary damage. Interestingly, the fatty acid amino acid amide (FAAA) N-arachidonoyl-L-serine (AraS) exerts similar eCB dependent neuroprotective. The present study aimed(More)
Novel drug delivery vehicles based on the biodegradable, mucoadhesive polysaccharide chitosan covalently linked to a boronic acid protease inhibitor have been prepared and characterized. It was anticipated that these conjugates could protect a proteinaceous drug, such as salmon calcitonin, against proteolysis by serine proteases, an obstacle that prevents(More)
The hydrolytic activity of trypsin, chymotrypsin, elastase, and leucine aminopeptidase, is inhibited by different boronic acids. However, all the enzymes are inhibited by the compound CbzAla(boro)Gly(OH)(2). Therefore, these additives can control the nucleophilic hydrolytic activity of these enzymes.
Cyclisation of diethyl 3-allyloxy-1-propynylphosphonates with Mo(CO)(6) under PK conditions to give 3-substituted-5-oxo-3,5,6,6a-tetrahydro-1H-cyclopenta[c]furan-4-ylphosphonate, 2a-h, in 45-88% isolated yields was done. The R groups are always syn with H(b) (where applicable). The stereochemistry was determined via both NMR and crystal X-ray analysis.