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UNLABELLED The question whether the appendix should be removed at the time of surgery for apparent early-stage ovarian cancer is controversial. Removal of the appendix in the setting of mucinous histologic type is primarily driven by the existing challenge to distinguish between primary ovarian mucinous neoplasm and metastatic appendiceal carcinoma to the(More)
Differentiating primary and metastatic hepatic malignancies can be diagnostically challenging in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). We compared four immunohistochemical (IHC) markers, pCEA, CD10, HepPar1, and CD34, in differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from metastatic carcinoma (MC) in FNAC specimens. Sixty cases of liver FNAC with their(More)
Endoglin (CD105) has been shown to be a more useful marker to identify proliferating endothelium involved in tumor angiogenesis than panendothelial markers such as CD31. We investigated endoglin and vascular endothelial growth factor expression as possible prognostic markers in colorectal cancer. Surgical specimens from 150 patients with resected colorectal(More)
Differentiating malignant mesothelioma (MM) from pulmonary carcinoma in pleural fluid cytology can be challenging. Recent studies have suggested that D2-40, a novel lymphatic marker, may be a useful marker for mesothelial differentiation in surgical specimens. However, there are no available data regarding its utility in effusion cytology specimens. We(More)
This review presents a pattern recognition approach for the diagnosis of malignant effusions. The cytomorphologic features of reactive mesothelial proliferation, mesothelioma and metastatic carcinoma are presented. In addition, the role of ancillary studies in challenging cases and the importance of integrating clinical findings are stressed. An algorithmic(More)
Histomorphologic features and routine endocrine immunohistochemical (IHC) markers do not differentiate neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in relation to their location, making it difficult to establish the site of origin of a metastatic neoplasm. Site-specific markers would be useful, particularly when examining small biopsies. CDX-2 and thyroid transcription(More)
We studied endoglin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression as prognostic markers in prostatic adenocarcinoma in 50 radical prostatectomy specimens. Cases were further categorized by Gleason score as follows: 8 to 10, 9 cases; 7(4 + 3), 9 cases; 7 (3 + 4), 14 cases; 6, 13 cases; and 4 or 5, 5 cases. All cases were immunostained for(More)
Lymph node metastases is an important prognostic indicator for disease progression and crucial for therapeutic strategies in the work-up of colorectal carcinoma. In this study, we investigated tumor lymphangiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression as predictive markers for the risk of lymph node metastasis and their relation to(More)
Differentiating reactive mesothelial (RM) proliferation from malignant mesothelioma (MM) can be cytologically challenging. There have been discordant studies reporting the value of epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) in differentiating RM from MM. In this study, we investigated the expression of two different clones of EMA in RM and MM. Twenty cases of(More)
OBJECTIVE Since the introduction of the liquid-based ThinPrep testing in 1996, most cytology laboratories across the country have adopted the liquid-based cytology (LBC) for Pap test screening. Subsequent to wide-spread adoption of the ThinPrep Pap test, the ThinPrep Imaging System (TIS) Cytyc Corp, Marlborough, MA was introduced to improve the accuracy and(More)