Rebekah S. Gilbert

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Activated macrophages produce substantial quantities of paracrine mediators, including cytokines, nitric oxide, and prostaglandins. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta) is a potent modulator of immune function. TGF-beta inhibits the cytotoxic activity of endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated macrophage cell lines and primary macrophage(More)
This study was designed to investigate whether secretory-IgA (S-IgA) Abs induced by a pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA)-based nasal vaccine are necessary for prevention of streptococcal colonization. Mice nasally immunized with PspA plus a plasmid expressing Flt3 ligand (pFL) cDNA as a mucosal adjuvant showed significantly higher levels of PspA-specific(More)
Our previous study showed that a combination of a plasmid-expressing Flt3 ligand (pFL) and CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN) as a combined nasal adjuvant elicited mucosal immune responses in aged (2-y-old) mice. In this study, we investigated whether a combination of pFL and CpG ODN as a nasal adjuvant for a pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) would(More)
Native cholera toxin (nCT) as a nasal adjuvant was shown to elicit increased levels of T-independent S-IgA antibody (Ab) responses through IL-5- IL-5 receptor interactions between CD4+ T cells and IgA+ B-1 B cells in murine submandibular glands (SMGs) and nasal passages (NPs). Here, we further investigate whether oral-nasopharyngeal dendritic cells (DCs)(More)
We assessed the role of CCR5(+)/CCR6(+)/CD11b(+)/CD11c(+) dendritic cells (DCs) for induction of ovalbumin (OVA)-specific antibody (Ab) responses following mucosal immunization. Mice given nasal OVA plus an adenovirus expressing Flt3 ligand (Ad-FL) showed early expansion of CCR5(+)/CCR6(+)/CD11b(+)/CD11c(+) DCs in nasopharyngeal-associated lymphoid tissue(More)
Our previous studies have shown that Peyer's patches (PPs) play a key role in the induction of oral tolerance. Therefore, we hypothesized that PPs are an important site for Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-β signaling and sought to prove that this tissue is of importance in oral tolerance induction. We found that expression of TGF-β type II receptor(More)
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