Rebecca Y Stallings

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Feeding patterns by mothers and child acceptance of food were measured in a Peruvian village to determine changes on days when children had diarrhea as compared to days of convalescence and health. Morbidity surveillance identified 40 children, aged 4-36 months, with diarrhea. Children were followed using twelve-hour in-home structured observations during(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine HIV-1-related mortality and demographic impact in a high HIV prevalence rural district of Uganda. DESIGN One-year follow-up (1990-1991) in a population-based rural cohort. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Annual enumeration of all consenting residents of 1945 households in 31 randomly selected community clusters in Rakai District. Subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Patients' loved ones often make end-of-life treatment decisions, but the accuracy of their substituted judgments and the factors associated with accuracy are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE To assess the accuracy of judgments made by surrogate decision makers; ascertain the beliefs, practices, and clinical and sociodemographic factors associated(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives were: (1) to investigate the association during pregnancy of sexual abuse before the age of 18 on depressive symptomatology in pregnancy, controlling for the presence of negative life events and challenges; and (2) to investigate the association of selected pregnancy outcomes (maternal labor and delivery factors, infant birth(More)
The study reported here explored associations between the type of placement in out-of-home care (kinship versus nonrelative) and selected outcomes in adulthood. Interviews were conducted with 214 children formerly in care (40% kinship placed), who reported on parameters of their current functioning, including education and employment, physical and mental(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms and the morbidity associated with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) among African Americans. A total of 2196 randomly selected residents of an inner-city community, in Baltimore, completed a health-assessment survey. Symptoms of RP consisted of cold sensitivity plus cold-induced white or blue(More)
This study sought to determine the risk of low birth weight from intimate partner abuse. The case-control design was used in a purposively ethnically stratified multisite sample of 1,004 women interviewed during the 72 hours after delivery between 1991 and 1996. Abuse was determined by the Index of Spouse Abuse and a modification of the Abuse Assessment(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the role of men and women as sources of HIV transmission and to estimate HIV incidence among discordant couples resident in diverse rural communities in Uganda. SETTING Rakai, a rural district in Uganda, East Africa. METHODS A population-based cohort study, which has been conducted as annual serological and behavioral surveys since(More)
This study examined the prevalence of abuse during pregnancy and the influence of cultural norms and acculturation on abuse in 1,004 Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban American, Central American, African American and Anglo American women. Women were recruited from consecutive delivery logs in general community hospitals in Florida and Massachusetts. The(More)
While considerable improvements have been made over the last 30 years in hypertension (HTN) awareness, treatment, and control, a recent reversal of these trends has been documented with African-American adults, particularly among those continuing to suffer from uncontrolled hypertension and its adverse consequences. This paper presents data from a(More)