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OBJECTIVE We study the dependence or independence of reliance and compliance as two responses to alarms to understand the mechanisms behind these responses. BACKGROUND Alarms, alerts, and other binary cues affect user behavior in complex ways. The suggestion has been made that there are two different responses to alerts--compliance (the tendency to(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the current study was to investigate potential benefits of likelihood alarm systems (LASs) over binary alarm systems (BASs) in a multitask environment. BACKGROUND Several problems are associated with the use of BASs, because most of them generate high numbers of false alarms. Operators lose trust in the systems and ignore alarms or(More)
Responding to alarm systems which usually commit a number of false alarms and/or misses involves decision-making under uncertainty. Four laboratory experiments including a total of 256 participants were conducted to gain comprehensive insight into humans' dealing with this uncertainty. Specifically, it was investigated how responses to alarms/non-alarms are(More)
Approach air traffic controllers provide safe guidance of aircraft approaching an airport from different arrival routes. Handling traffic and preventing separation loss between aircraft requires controllers to maintain situation awareness at all times. In case an incident is foreseen, guidance options must be acquired to deal with it. Though expert(More)
In high reliable industries, where critical information is often given in real time, Head-Mounted Displays (HMDs) may support workers. Especially if mobility is needed, like in maintenance or some fields of medicine, HMDs can display this critical information directly within the field of view. However, in a study presented on last year´s conference of(More)
Analysis of accidents in socio-technical systems frequently reveals unnoticed obstacles, which have grown to become the main cause of incubation and surprise at failure (Dekker, 2011). Thus far, it has proven to be a challenge to identify those unnoticed obstacles upfront among the tremendous number of events occurring during normal operations. In this(More)
EU has promised to reduce emissions by 80 % by 2050. For the shipping industry " slow steaming " for just-in-time arrival promises reductions of emissions. But a rapid increase in the construction of offshore wind farms planned in the North Sea may lead to ships facing a very complex and safety critical traffic environment in the future. Both of these(More)
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