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Journals and Conferences
TNF-alpha mediates both protective and detrimental manifestations of the host immune response. Our previous work has shown thalidomide to be a relatively selective inhibitor of TNF-alpha production in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, we have recently reported that thalidomide exerts a costimulatory effect on T cell responses. To develop thalidomide… (More)
Thalidomide, (1), is a known inhibitor of TNF-alpha release in LPS stimulated human PBMC. Herein we describe the TNF-alpha inhibitory activity of amino substituted analogs of thalidomide (1) and its isoindolin-1-one analog, EM-12 (2). The 4-amino substituted analogs were found to be potent inhibitors of TNF-alpha release in LPS stimulated human PBMC.
N-Phthaloyl 3-amino-3-arylpropionic acid analogs of thalidomide that are potent inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-alpha are reported. These compounds were found to be potent inhibitors of phosphodiesterase 4.
In this communication, we report the discovery of 1S (apremilast), a novel potent and orally active phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor. The optimization of previously reported 3-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydroisoindol-2-yl)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)propionic acid PDE4 inhibitors led to this series of sulfone analogues. Evaluation of… (More)
Marine-laminated sediments along the NE Pacific coast (Effingham inlet, Vancouver Island) provide an archive of climate variability at annual to millennial scales. A 7.75-m portion of piston core TUL99B-03 was deposited during a ~3045-year interval [~1440–4485 years before present (yBP)] under primarily anoxic conditions. Darker clay laminae were deposited… (More)
Testate amoeba-derived transfer functions are frequently used in peatland palaeohydrological studies and involve the development of training sets from surficial peats. However, within acrotelmic peats, considerable vertical variation in assemblage composition can occur, particularly along Sphagnum stems, which may limit the representation of the associated… (More)
An 8.72 m late Holocene sediment core (VEC02A07) obtained from Alison Sound in the Belize–Seymour Inlet Complex of central British Columbia, Canada was deposited between ∼3500–1000 yr BP under primarily anoxic marine conditions. This core contains a detailed cyclic record of land–sea interactions as evidenced by significant fluctuations in marine primary… (More)
Organic rich sediments were obtained from seven core tops taken in Lake Quistococha, near the city of Iquitos in the Peruvian Amazon. Subsamples from 0 to 4cm depth in each core were analyzed under dissecting light microscopy to carry out the first investigation of Arcellinida (testate lobose amoebae) from a lacustrine environment in this ecologically… (More)
The most carbon (C)-dense ecosystems of Amazonia are areas characterized by the presence of peatlands. However, Amazonian peatland ecosystems are poorly understood and are threatened by human activities. Here, we present an investigation into long-term ecohydrological controls on C accumulation in an Amazonian peat dome. This site is the oldest peatland yet… (More)