Rebecca Seifert

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Histamine H1 receptors mediate activation of phospholipase C, with subsequent increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and H2 receptors mediate accumulation of cAMP. HL-60 promyelocytes possess H2 receptors, but it is not known whether these cells also possess H1 receptors. We studied the effects of histamine on [Ca2+]i and the functional(More)
Histamine has long been recognised as a classical inducer of pruritus. However, the specific mechanism of histamine-induced itch has still not been fully understood. The H1 and H4 receptor appear to be key components in the induction of itch. The specific role of the H3 receptor in histamine-induced itch remains unclear. The aim of our study was to(More)
The Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology is one of the most authoritative and influential book series in pharmacology. It provides critical and comprehensive discussions of the most significant areas of pharmacological research, written by leading international authorities. Each volume in the series represents the most informative and contemporary account(More)
Lipopeptide analogues of the NH2-terminus of bacterial lipoprotein are known to induce activation of macrophages, neutrophils, and lymphocytes. We studied the effect of the lipopeptide N-palmitoyl-S-[2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)-(2RS)-propyl]-(R)-cysteinyl-( S)-seryl-(S)-lysyl-(S)-lysyl-(S)-lysyl-(S)-lysine [Pam3CysSer(Lys)4] on several functions of human(More)
Amphiphilic substances may stimulate cellular events through direct activation of G-proteins. The present experiments indicate that several amphiphilic sweeteners and the bitter tastant, quinine, activate transducin and Gi/Go-proteins. Concentrations of taste substances required to activate G-proteins in vitro correlated with those used to elicit taste.(More)
Both cis- and trans-unsaturated but not saturated fatty acids activated protein kinase C purified to apparent homogeneity from rat brain. Fatty-acid-induced enzyme activation was not more than additive with that by phospholipids and was potentiated by diacylglycerol. Recently, we demonstrated that cis- and trans-unsaturated fatty acids induced platelet(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) exert most of their physiological functions while adherent to surfaces rather than in suspension. PMN adhesion is largely dependent on the function of the beta 2 integrins, CD11a,b,c/CD18. We mimicked engagement of beta 2 integrins by antibody cross-linking of CD18 on isolated human PMNs using both intact monoclonal(More)
Morphine and muscle relaxants are classical mast cell activators and cromolyn is a mast cell inhibitor. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of these drugs are obscure. We asked the question whether morphine and muscle relaxants may activate heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins), and whether cromolyn may prevent this(More)
In plasma membranes of human neutrophils, we identified two major pertussis toxin substrates of 40 kDa Mr with pI values of 5.30 and 5.37. Only the acidic of the two substrates was also present in neutrophil cytosol. Two-dimensional tryptic peptide maps revealed a high degree of homology of cytosolic and particulate substrates. Purified G-protein beta(More)
Purified synaptic vesicles were isolated from hog cerebral cortex by a rapid procedure consisting of homogenization of cerebral cortex slices in iso-osmotic sucrose, differential centrifugation and sucrose density-gradient centrifugation. The purity of the vesicles was evaluated both biochemically and morphologically. The vesicles contained high amounts of(More)