Rebecca Rotello

Learn More
The mammalian interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE) has sequence similarity to the C. elegans cell death gene ced-3. We show here that overexpression of the murine ICE (mICE) gene or of the C. elegans ced-3 gene causes Rat-1 cells to undergo programmed cell death. Point mutations in a region homologous between mICE and CED-3 eliminate the ability of(More)
Interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) is a mammalian homolog of CED-3, a protein required for programmed cell death in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The activity of ICE can be specifically inhibited by the product of crmA, a cytokine response modifier gene encoded by cowpox virus. Microinjection of the crmA gene into chicken dorsal root ganglion(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) maintain vital neuronal functions. Absolute or functional deficiencies of insulin or IGF-I may contribute to neuronal and vascular complications associated with diabetes. Vanilloid receptor 1 (also called TRPV1) is an ion channel that mediates inflammatory thermal nociception and is present on sensory neurons.(More)
Apoptosis is a type of cell death that plays an important role in early development and growth of normal adult tissues. It is regulated by physiological stimuli and is present in many species and tissues. The main morphological characteristics are nuclear fragmentation and cellular breakdown in apoptotic vesicles. Internucleosomal DNA fragmentation is an(More)
Prointerleukin-1 beta (pro-IL-1 beta) is the only known physiologic substrate of the interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta)-converting enzyme (ICE), the founding member of the ICE/ced-3 cell death gene family. Since secreted mature IL-1 beta has been detected after apoptosis, we investigated whether this cytokine, when produced endogenously, plays a role in cell(More)
Uterine epithelial cell proliferation, differentiation, and death are known to be regulated by estrogen and progesterone. The authors investigated a specific pattern of cell death called apoptosis, or programmed cell death, which is biochemically characterized by a specific pattern of DNA degradation. DNA isolated from endometrium of ovariectomized(More)
Cell and tissue growth is regulated through a complex interplay of stimulatory and inhibitory signals. We describe two biological actions of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in primary cultures of rabbit uterine epithelial cells: (i) inhibition of cell proliferation and (ii) a concomitant increase in cells undergoing apoptosis (programmed cell(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can induce apoptosis through a granzyme B-based killing mechanism. Here we show that in cells undergoing apoptosis by granzyme B, both p45 pro-interleukin 1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) and pro-CPP32 are processed. Using ICE deficient (ICE -/-) mice, embryonic fibroblasts exhibit high levels of resistance to apoptosis by(More)
The authors show here that progesterone suppresses apoptosis, and its antagonist RU 486 induces it in rabbit uterine epithelium, as assessed by morphologic and biochemical studies. The authors' studies demonstrate that internucleosomal DNA fragments are identifiable as early as 24 hours after ovariectomy of pseudopregnant rabbits, and become undetectable 6(More)
Apoptosis and necrosis are two types of cell death with different morphologic features. We report here the isolation of a monoclonal antibody, BV2, that specifically recognizes cells undergoing developmental programmed cell death in different tissues of the chicken and zebra-finch embryos. The antigen recognized by BV2 monoclonal antibody is detected in(More)