Rebecca Parks

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence, predictors, and cost of atrial fibrillation and flutter (AFIB) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN Prospective observational study (MultiCenter Study of Perioperative Ischemia). SETTING Twenty-four university-affiliated hospitals in the United States from 1991 to 1993. SUBJECTS A total of(More)
BACKGROUND An estimated 20% of allogeneic blood transfusions in the United States are associated with cardiac surgery. National consensus guidelines for allogeneic transfusion associated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery have existed since the mid- to late 1980s. The appropriateness and uniformity of institutional transfusion practice was(More)
OBJECTIVE The Brief Assessment of Motor Function consists of five 0- to 10-point hierarchical scales designed for rapid assessment of gross, fine, and oral motor skills. We describe the development and evaluation of the two Brief Assessment of Motor Function Oral Motor Scales: Oral Motor Articulation and Oral Motor Deglutition. DESIGN This validation(More)
The purpose of this study is twofold: to evaluate the extent of knowledge possessed by young people residing in an urban sexually transmitted disease (STD) and AIDS epicenter about STDs, including AIDS; and to determine whether knowledge levels varied by age, gender, race/ ethnicity, and/or previous health instruction. A total of 867 adolescents (472(More)
CONTEXT Although potassium is critical for normal electrophysiology, the association between abnormal preoperative serum potassium level and perioperative adverse events such as arrhythmias has not been examined rigorously. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of abnormal preoperative serum potassium levels and whether such abnormal levels are associated(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether substantial institutional variability exists in red blood cell conservation practices associated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. DESIGN Prospective, randomized patient enrollment and data collection. SETTING Twenty-four U.S. academic institutions participating in the Multicenter Study of Perioperative(More)
The sympathetic nervous system and the renin-angiotensin system are activated in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and could be contributing to excessive peripheral vasoconstriction and impaired myocardial performance. Bromocriptine, an orally active ergot alkaloid with dopaminergic receptor agonist actions, is known to lower plasma(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the inter-relationships among impairments, performance, and disabilities in survivors of pediatric sarcoma and to identify measurements that profile survivors at risk for functional loss. DESIGN Prospective, cross-sectional. SETTING Research facility. PARTICIPANTS Thirty-two participants in National Cancer Institute clinical(More)
545 Background: The epothilones are nontaxane microtubule stabilizers which have shown promising activity in 1- and 3-hour infusions every 3 weeks. Grade 3 neuropathy was reported in 12-37% of breast cancer patients. METHODS Patients with metastatic or locally advanced breast cancer and measurable disease were stratified by prior taxane therapy. Patients(More)