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OBJECTIVE Depression is common among HIV-infected women, predicts treatment nonadherence, and consequently may impact vertical transmission of HIV. We report findings from a study evaluating preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum depressive symptoms in HIV-infected vs. at-risk, HIV-uninfected women. METHODS We examined the prevalence and predictors of(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), a complication of antibiotic-induced injury to the gut microbiome, is a prevalent and dangerous cause of infectious diarrhea. Antimicrobial therapy for CDI is typically effective for acute symptoms, but up to one third of patients later experience recurrent CDI. Fecal-derived microbiota transplantation (FMT)(More)
This study examined the utility of cognitive and behavioral constructs (AIDS information, motivation, and behavioral skills) in explaining sexual risk taking among 172 12-20-year-old ethnically diverse urban youths in outpatient psychiatric care. Structural equation modeling revealed only moderate support for the model, explaining low to moderate levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for adverse health events in HIV-infected populations. While recent US population-wide surveys report annual sustained smoking cessation rates of 3.4-8.5%, prospective data are lacking on cessation rates for HIV-infected smokers. OBJECTIVE To determine the sustained tobacco cessation rate and(More)
Hurricane Sandy caused extensive physical and economic damage; the long-term mental health consequences are unknown. Flooding is a central component of hurricane exposure, influencing mental health through multiple pathways that unfold over months after flooding recedes. Here we assess the concordance in self-reported and Federal Emergency Management (FEMA)(More)
(2005). Applying the information-motivation-behavioral skills model of HIV-risk to youth in psychiatric care. This study examined the utility of cognitive and behavioral constructs (AIDS information , motivation, and behavioral skills) in explaining sexual risk taking among 172 12–20–year-old ethnically diverse urban youths in outpatient psychiatric care.(More)
The current study sought to add to the stress and coping literature by examining whether coping responses are elicited from a diagnosis of chlamydia or gonorrhea and, if so, whether active or passive coping responses are associated with particular psychological factors and prevention behaviors. Data from 259 urban, minority participants recently diagnosed(More)
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