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Thirty language and articulation tests developed for use with preschool children were reviewed using ten psychometric criteria appropriate to norm-referenced tests. Half of the reviewed tests met no more than two criteria, and only three tests met over four criteria. Most frequently unmet criteria were those requiring empirical evidence of validity and(More)
PURPOSE To review the content and psychometric characteristics of 6 published tests currently available to aid in the study, diagnosis, and treatment of motor speech disorders in children. METHOD We compared the content of the 6 tests and critically evaluated the degree to which important psychometric characteristics support the tests' use for their(More)
ASHA vice president for professional practices in speech-language pathology (2003–2005), and Brian Shulman, ASHA vice president for professional practices in speech-language pathology (2006–2008), served as the monitoring officers. The Committee thanks as well as the many select and widespread peer reviewers who provided insightful comments on drafts of(More)
The purposes of this paper are to discuss concepts that are fundamental to proper use of norm-referenced tests in clinical assessment, to consider common errors in the use of such tests, and to suggest alternatives to norm-referenced testing for certain assessment purposes. A hypothetical client is used to illustrate the following errors: the use of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the current evidence for the use of oral motor exercises (OMEs) on speech (i.e., speech physiology, speech production, and functional speech outcomes) as a means of supporting further research and clinicians' use of evidence-based practice. METHOD The peer-reviewed literature from 1960 to 2007(More)
Intelligibility data, phonetic contrast errors, and information regarding subsystem involvement were examined in 29 highly intelligible subjects (18 women and 11 men) with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Results are discussed in terms of data for individual subjects, the group as a whole, and for subgroups based on dysarthric status and gender. Of particular(More)
This review focused on the methods used to identify language impairment in specifically language-impaired subjects participating in 72 research studies that were described in four journals from 1983 to 1988. The single most frequent source of information used in the identification process was found to be test data. There was, however, considerable(More)
PURPOSE In this article, the authors report reliability and validity evidence for the Dynamic Evaluation of Motor Speech Skill (DEMSS), a new test that uses dynamic assessment to aid in the differential diagnosis of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). METHOD Participants were 81 children between 36 and 79 months of age who were referred to the Mayo Clinic(More)
Stuttering is manifested as a disruption in speech timing, but it may stem from a more basic temporal disorder (R. D. Kent, 1984). We compared the ability of stuttering and nonstuttering adults to estimate protensity and to distinguish the relative lengths of short tones. We also examined whether there is a correlation between a person's degree of(More)
In this article, the authors provide background concerning the nature of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) and conventional speech-based treatments for it. In addition they discuss a clinical decision-making process within which to consider the appropriateness of nonspeech oral motor exercises (NSOMEs). This process requires clinicians to ask questions of(More)