Rebecca Maine

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BACKGROUND International organizations have performed palatoplasties in low- and middle-income countries for decades, often working with local providers. Few studies report long-term outcomes, especially for palatal fistulas. A fistula after palatoplasty may affect speech, socialization, and nutrition. Fistula rates on surgical missions have not been(More)
Surgical site infections (SSI) are a significant cause of post-surgical morbidity and mortality and can be an indicator of surgical quality. The objectives of this study were to measure post-operative SSI after cesarean section (CS) at four sites in three sub-Saharan African countries and to describe the associated risk factors in order to improved quality(More)
Global cleft surgery missions have provided much-needed care to millions of poor patients worldwide. Still, surgical capacity in low- and middle-income countries is generally inadequate. Through surgical missions, global cleft care has largely ascribed to a vertical model of healthcare delivery, which is disease specific, and tends to deliver services(More)
BACKGROUND Validated, community-based surveillance methods to monitor epidemiologic progress in surgery have not yet been employed for surgical capacity building. The goal of this study was to create and assess the validity of a community-based questionnaire collecting data on untreated surgically correctable disease throughout Burera District, Rwanda, to(More)
IMPORTANCE Failure to rescue (FTR), the mortality rate among surgical patients with complications, is an emerging quality indicator. Hospitals with a high safety-net burden, defined as the proportion of patients covered by Medicaid or uninsured, provide a disproportionate share of medical care to vulnerable populations. Given the financial strains on(More)
Laparoscopy may prove feasible to address surgical needs in limited-resource settings. However, no aggregate data exist regarding the role of laparoscopy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study was designed to describe the issues facing laparoscopy in LMICs and to aggregate reported solutions. A search was conducted using Medline, African(More)
BACKGROUND In low-income and middle-income countries, surgical epidemiology is largely undefined at the population level, with operative logs and hospital records serving as a proxy. This study assesses the distribution of surgical conditions that contribute the largest burden of surgical disease in Burera District, in northern Rwanda. We hypothesise that(More)
Introduction Injury is responsible for nearly five million annual deaths worldwide, and nearly 90% of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Reliable clinical data detailing the epidemiology of injury are necessary for improved care delivery, but they are lacking in these regions. METHODS A retrospective review of the Service(More)
Importance In low- and middle-income countries, community-level surgical epidemiology is largely undefined. Accurate community-level surgical epidemiology is necessary for surgical health systems planning. Objective To determine the prevalence of surgical conditions in Burera District, Northern Province, Rwanda. Design, Setting, and Participants A(More)
BACKGROUND   Humanitarian surgical organizations provide palatoplasties for patients without access to surgical care. Few organizations have evaluated the outcomes of these trips. This study evaluates the palatal fistula rate in patients from two cohorts in rural China and one in the United States. METHODS   This study compared the odds of fistula(More)