Learn More
BACKGROUND The American Medical Association (AMA) has advocated gradually reducing the nicotine content of cigarettes to decrease smoking prevalence. Some experts have voiced concerns that smokers may "compensate" by smoking more cigarettes or inhaling more deeply. Further, a black market may emerge, perpetuating cigarette availability. Thus, it is unclear(More)
This study examines the association between adherence to during-treatment process measures of quality (defined as initiation and engagement in treatment as developed by the Washington Circle) and outcome measures (defined as arrests and incarcerations) in the following year. The data come from the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse(More)
If manufacturing a safer cigarette is technically possible--an open question--then mandating that tobacco manufacturers improve the safety of cigarettes would likely have both positive and negative implications for the nation's health. On the one hand, removing toxins may reduce the incidence of smoking-related diseases and premature mortality in smokers.(More)
RATIONALE Guanfacine is an alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist that has been shown to have beneficial effects on working memory and attentional functions in monkeys and in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to further investigate the cognitive-enhancing properties of guanfacine using an established(More)
Burnout is a syndrome in which emotional depletion and detachment occur in response to prolonged stress. This pattern has been described in many high-intensity occupations, and the individuals at highest risk of developing burnout appear to be those in intense caregiving roles. Despite the wealth of information from examinations of burnout, there is a(More)
PURPOSE Aging is associated with deterioration of the physiologic systems controlling balance. Consequently, a multitude of intervention trials has appeared in the last 2 decades attempting to improve control of balance. Effective programs often require substantial and frequent time commitments, expensive and specialized equipment, professional assistance,(More)
This study examined variations by race and ethnicity in initiation and engagement, two performance measures of treatment for substance use disorders that focus on the timely receipt of services during the early stage of substance abuse treatment. Administrative data from the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services were linked with(More)
Michael Resnick's landmark paper that he first-authored, "Protecting adolescents from harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health," published in JAMA in 1997, is one of 26 papers authored by current Medical School faculty that have been cited more than 1000 times. Dr. Resnick's paper is featured on the new Medical School Wall of(More)
Metabolic complications, including diabetes mellitus, have been increasingly recognised in HIV-infected individuals since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy, particularly protease inhibitors (PIs). Pregnancy is also a risk factor for impaired glucose metabolism, and previous studies have given conflicting results regarding the contribution of PIs to(More)