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CONTEXT Although a variety of functional neuroimaging studies have used emotion induction paradigms to investigate the neural basis of anger in control subjects, no functional neuroimaging studies using anger induction have been conducted in patient populations. OBJECTIVE To study the neural basis of anger in unmedicated patients with major depressive(More)
BACKGROUND Trichotillomania is a psychiatric condition characterized by chronic hair pulling. Both cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have shown promise in the treatment of trichotillomania, with comparison studies favoring CBT over pharmacotherapy. However, no randomized, controlled studies to date(More)
Distinct factors have been identified as potential predictors of antidepressant treatment response. Although autonomic function changes have been described in depressive subjects, their value as predictors of antidepressant response has not been systematically evaluated. Eight un-medicated patients with major depressive order (MDD) have their skin(More)
The present study combined measures of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) using positron emission tomography (PET) with measures of the autonomic nervous system using skin conductance (SC), heart rate (HR), and the high frequency band of heart rate variability (HRV) in ten healthy participants who were exposed to autobiographical scripts of memories for(More)
Pathological skin picking is characterized by dysfunctional, repetitive and excessive manipulation of the skin resulting in noticeable tissue damage. This study sought to assess the effectiveness of escitalopram in treating pathological skin picking. Twenty-nine individuals with pathological skin picking were enrolled in an 18-week, open-label trial of(More)
This study sought to investigate the efficacy of escitalopram at different dosages for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Thirty individuals were enrolled in a 16-week, open-label trial of escitalopram and randomly assigned to the 20 or 30 mg study arm. Study measures assessing OCD symptoms, anxiety, depression, and quality of life were(More)
OBJECTIVES Individuals with bipolar disorder exhibit neuropsychological impairments when they are euthymic (neither depressed nor manic). One of the most consistently reported cognitive problems in euthymic individuals with bipolar disorder is impairment in verbal episodic memory. Recent findings suggest that episodic memory difficulties in these(More)
Though some researchers and clinicians postulate that trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be implicated in the etiologic underpinnings of trichotillomania (TTM), very little research to date has examined such postulations. To address this gap in the literature, the current study assessed the prevalence of trauma and PTSD in 42 individuals(More)
IMPORTANCE To our knowledge, few studies have combined an objective measure of vision-related performance (VRP) and subjective measures of vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) with clinically related visual parameters, particularly in a large, prospective, cohort study setting. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationships between clinical visual assessments(More)
Breastfeeding is a traditional practice in China, yet few studies have explored its current trend after socioeconomic reform. This study aims to characterize breastfeeding rates and possible associations with sociodemographic factors using a breastfeeding questionnaire administered to 1,385 mothers of 6-year-old children. Rates were lowest among city(More)