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We isolated a bacterial strain, Agrobacterium radiobacter P230, which can hydrolyze a wide range of organophosphate (OP) insecticides. A gene encoding a protein involved in OP hydrolysis was cloned from A. radiobacter P230 and sequenced. This gene (called opdA) had sequence similarity to opd, a gene previously shown to encode an OP-hydrolyzing enzyme in(More)
Two genes cloned from Eucalyptus globulus, Eucalyptus LeaFy (ELF1 and ELF2), have sequence homology to the floral meristem identity genes LEAFY from Arabidopsis and FLORICAULA from Antirrhinum. ELF1 is expressed in the developing eucalypt floral organs in a pattern similar to LEAFY while ELF2 appears to be a pseudo gene. ELF1 is expressed strongly in the(More)
An endosulfan-degrading mixed bacterial culture was enriched from soil with a history of endosulfan exposure. Enrichment was obtained by using the insecticide as the sole source of sulfur. Chemical hydrolysis was minimized by using strongly buffered culture medium (pH 6.6), and the detergent Tween 80 was included to emulsify the insecticide, thereby(More)
Quantitative proteomic studies, based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, are commonly used to find proteins that are differentially expressed between samples or groups of samples. These proteins are of interest as potential diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers, or as proteins associated with a trait. The complexity of proteomic data poses many(More)
Two Eucalyptus homologues of the Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene AP1 (EAP1 and EAP2) show 60-65% homology to AP1. EAP1 and EAP2 are expressed predominantly in flower buds. EAP2 produces two different polypeptides arising from differential splicing at an intron, the shorter EAP2 protein diverging from the longer sequence after amino acid 197 and having a(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize a bacterium capable of metabolizing endosulfan. METHODS AND RESULTS A endosulfan-degrading bacterium (strain ESD) was isolated from soil inoculum after repeated culture with the insecticide as the sole source of sulfur. Analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence, and morphological and physiological(More)
Juvenile hormone esterase (JHE, EC 3.1.1.1) from whole Drosophila melanogaster prepupae has previously been purified by selective precipitations, isoelectric focussing and two column chromatography steps. JHE bands from dried silver-stained SDS-PAGE gels of that material were digested with trypsin. The masses of the tryptic digest peptides were determined(More)
Proteomic analysis of the brain is complicated by the need to obtain cells from specific anatomical regions, or nuclei. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) is a technique that is precise enough to dissect single cells within a tissue section, and thus could be useful for isolating specific brain nuclei for analysis. However, we and others have previously(More)
The anatomical complexity of the brain presents a challenge for the analysis of changes in gene and protein expression. Laser-capture microdissection (LCM) is a technique that is precise enough to dissect single cells within a tissue section. Protein expression in tissues obtained by LCM has been studied by Western blot and two-dimensional (2D) gel(More)
AIMS To develop a simple, rapid and sensitive fluorimetric assay to detect, isolate and characterize a soil bacterium capable of degrading the organophosphorus pesticide, coumaphos. METHODS AND RESULTS A high throughput microtitre plate-based method was used to quantify coumaphos hydrolysis by the bacterium. The fluorescent hydrolysis product of(More)