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The afferent innervation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract consists of intrinsic and extrinsic sensory neurons that respond to nutrients, chemicals or mechanical stimuli within the gut lumen. Most stimuli do not interact directly with the afferent nerves but instead activate specialised cells in the epithelium in a process of sensory transduction. It is(More)
AIMS Microdomain signalling mechanisms underlie key aspects of artery function and the modulation of intracellular calcium, with transient receptor potential (TRP) channels playing an integral role. This study determines the distribution and role of TRP canonical type 3 (C3) channels in the control of endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH)-mediated(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is released from the enterochromaffin cells and plays an important role in regulating intestinal function. Although the release of 5-HT is well documented, the contribution of the serotonin reuptake transporter (SERT) to the levels and actions of 5-HT in the intestine is unclear. This study aimed to demonstrate real-time SERT activity in(More)
The movements of the gastrointestinal tract, as described by Walter B. Cannon 100 years ago, reveal much about the functions of this unique organ and how it is controlled by the body. Two classic papers by Cannon provide a rare glimpse into the hidden functions of the body and give students a great example of the scientific method in action. In this essay,(More)
Changes in diet are a challenge to the gastrointestinal tract which needs to alter its processing mechanisms to continue to process nutrients and maintain health. In particular, the enteric nervous system (ENS) needs to adapt its motor and secretory programs to deal with changes in nutrient type and load in order to optimise nutrient absorption.The nerve(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary iron supplementation is associated with gastrointestinal (GI) side effects including vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. Although inorganic iron in high concentrations may be damaging to the intestinal mucosa, we hypothesize that there are physiological effects on the GI tract that occur at concentrations achieved by supplementation. Thus,(More)
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