Rebecca J Stoltzfus

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BACKGROUND Anaemia caused by iron deficiency is common in children younger than age 5 years in eastern Africa. However, there is concern that universal supplementation of children with iron and folic acid in areas of high malaria transmission might be harmful. METHODS We did a randomised, placebo-controlled trial, of children aged 1-35 months and living(More)
Anemia is estimated to affect one-half of school-age children in developing countries. The school years are an opportune time to intervene, and interventions must be based on sound epidemiologic understanding of the problem in this age group. We report on the distribution of iron deficiency and anemia across age, sex, anthropometric indexes, and parasitic(More)
BACKGROUND Zinc supplementation can reduce subsequent morbidity in children recovering from diarrhoea and respiratory illness in developing countries. However, whether routine supplementation would decrease morbidity and mortality in populations with zinc deficiency is unclear. We assessed the effect of daily zinc supplementation on children in southern(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested an effect of high arsenic concentration on cognitive and neurobehavioral function in humans. OBJECTIVE Our goal was to identify demographic and nutritional factors that are associated with As exposure and the influence of this exposure on cognitive function in school-age children. METHODS We recruited 602(More)
Anemia and iron deficiency during pregnancy are prevalent in developing countries, but their causes are not always known. We assessed the prevalence and severity of anemia and iron deficiency and their association with helminths, malaria and vitamin A deficiency in a community-based sample of 336 pregnant women in the plains of Nepal. Hemoglobin,(More)
As the World Health Organization (WHO) infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators are increasingly adopted, a comparison of country-specific analyses of the indicators' associations with child growth is needed to examine the consistency of these relationships across contexts and to assess the strengths and potential limitations of the indicators. This(More)
The hookworms Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale infect approximately 1 billion people worldwide. The prevalence of hookworm infection increases with age in children, typically reaching a plateau in late adolescence, whereas the intensity of infection may continue to increase throughout adulthood. Hookworms cause intestinal blood loss in amounts(More)
In Zanzibar and other tropical regions, iron deficiency, malaria and multiple helminth infections coexist. We addressed the following questions: 1) What are the predictors of low hemoglobin in Zanzibari preschool children? 2) Are indicators of iron status informative in this population? 3) Does malaria modify the relation of iron indicators to hemoglobin?(More)
BACKGROUND Studies from Asia have suggested that zinc supplementation can reduce morbidity and mortality in children, but evidence from malarious populations in Africa has been inconsistent. Our aim was to assess the effects of zinc supplementation on overall mortality in children in Pemba, Zanzibar. METHODS We enrolled 42,546 children aged 1-36 months,(More)
The effects of maternal postpartum vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation on maternal and infant serum retinol concentrations, modified relative dose-response (MRDR) ratios and breast milk vitamin A concentrations were assessed during a community-based trial in Matlab, Bangladesh. At 1-3 wk postpartum, women were randomly assigned to receive either (1)(More)