Rebecca J. Snyder

Learn More
The luteal phase of the giant panda has been exclusively assessed by studying urinary hormone patterns in a very few individuals. To better understand hormonal dynamics of protracted progestagen excretion in this endangered species, we monitored hormonal metabolites in the fibrous faeces of multiple females in the USA and China. Giant pandas that were(More)
A range of acoustic characteristics typically carry information on individual identity in mammalian calls. In addition, physical similarities in vocal production anatomy among closely related individuals may result in similarities in the acoustic structure of vocalizations. Here, acoustic analyses based on source-filter theory were used to determine whether(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine androgen and glucocorticoid (GC) hormonal patterns in male giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) by monitoring gonadal and adrenal metabolites in feces. Initial validation experiments demonstrated comparable excretory patterns in urine versus feces for both androgen and GC measures. Matched urinary and fecal(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of faecal hormonal measures for evaluating ovarian activity in a significant sized cohort of giant pandas during the perioestrual period. Faecal excretion of oestrogen and progestagen metabolites corresponded with urinary patterns and receptive behaviours. Longitudinal assessment of 10 females(More)
Scientific research in zoos and aquariums is important because it drives and informs the ever-increasing standards of care and quality of programs (i.e., animal management and welfare, education, and conservation). The need for zoo and aquarium-based research programs has been argued for at least two decades [Finlay and Maple, 1986; Benirschke, 1987;(More)
To better understand the adaptive significance of adrenal glucocorticoid (GC) variation in the giant panda, we assessed patterns of fecal GC excretion over time as well as during estrus, parturient and non-parturient luteal phases, lactation and acyclicity in 17 adult females. Fecal estrogen and GC patterns were positively correlated (P<0.05) in four of(More)
Hue discrimination abilities of giant pandas were tested, controlling for brightness. Subjects were 2 adult giant pandas (1 male and 1 female). A simultaneous discrimination procedure without correction was used. In five tasks, white, black, and five saturations each of green, blue, and red served as positive stimuli that were paired with one or two(More)
Reproducing giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) remains the most challenging aspect of managed care of this species. However, advancement in knowledge stemming from basic science research on the giant panda has facilitated a growth in the population. Here, we report the successful application of reproductive technologies, including noninvasive hormone(More)
The body condition constraint and the experience condition constraint hypotheses have both been proposed to account for differences in reproductive success between multiparous (experienced) and primiparous (first-time) mothers. However, because primiparous mothers are typically characterized by both inferior body condition and lack of experience when(More)
Although various aspects of gorilla nest building have been described in wild populations, nest-building behavior of captive gorillas has not been subject to much scientific review. We observed nest building in 17 gorillas during three periods: summer baseline, winter baseline, and winter treatment, in which the amount of available nesting material was(More)