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Nucleosome assembly following DNA replication, DNA repair and gene transcription is critical for the maintenance of genome stability and epigenetic information. Nucleosomes are assembled by replication-coupled or replication-independent pathways with the aid of histone chaperone proteins. How these different nucleosome assembly pathways are regulated(More)
Acetylation of lysine residues at the H3 N terminus is proposed to function in replication-coupled (RC) nucleosome assembly, a process critical for the inheritance of epigenetic information and maintenance of genome stability. However, the role of H3 N-terminal lysine acetylation and the corresponding lysine acetyltransferase (KAT) in RC nucleosome assembly(More)
Neurosphere formation is commonly used as a surrogate for neural stem cell (NSC) function but the relationship between neurosphere-initiating cells (NICs) and NSCs remains unclear. We prospectively identified, and isolated by flow cytometry, adult mouse lateral ventricle subventricular zone (SVZ) NICs as(More)
Chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1) is a histone H3-H4 chaperone that deposits newly synthesized histone (H3-H4)2 tetramers during replication-coupled nucleosome assembly. However, how CAF-1 functions in this process is not yet well understood. Here, we report the crystal structure of C terminus of Cac1 (Cac1C), a subunit of yeast CAF-1, and the function of(More)
In mammalian cells, canonical histone H3 (H3.1) and H3 variant (H3.3) differ by five amino acids and are assembled, along with histone H4, into nucleosomes via distinct nucleosome assembly pathways. H3.1-H4 molecules are assembled by histone chaperone CAF-1 in a replication-coupled process, whereas H3.3-H4 are assembled via HIRA in a replication-independent(More)
Epigenetics are defined, in broad-terms, as alterations in gene expression without changes in DNA sequence. While histone modifications and DNA methylation are two classical means to regulate gene expression, miRNA has also recently been documented to govern gene expression in normal as well as cancer cells. In this review, we will first describe briefly(More)
The process of coordinated DNA replication and nucleosome assembly, termed replication-coupled (RC) nucleosome assembly, is important for the maintenance of genome integrity. Loss of genome integrity is linked to aging and cancer. RC nucleosome assembly involves deposition of histone H3-H4 by the histone chaperones CAF-1, Rtt106 and Asf1 onto(More)
1. The double-isotope concept [Arias, Doyle & Schimke (1969) J. Biol. Chem. 224, 3303--3315] for the measurement of protein turnover was used to estimate the turnover of proteins in subcellular and submitochondrial fractions prepared from rat liver. 2. Double-isotope experiments with [3H]leucine as first precursor and [14C]leucine as second precursor were(More)
Chromatin structure governs a number of cellular processes including DNA replication, transcription, and DNA repair. During DNA replication, chromatin structure including the basic repeating unit of chromatin, the nucleosome, is temporarily disrupted, and then reformed immediately after the passage of the replication fork. This coordinated process of(More)
OBJECTIVE Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT)*3A is degraded much more rapidly than is the 'wild-type' enzyme through a ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent process. It also forms aggresomes, suggesting a possible dynamic balance between degradation and aggregation. We set out to identify genes encoding proteins participating in these processes. METHODS Green(More)