Rebecca J. Appelhoff

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Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a transcriptional regulator that plays a key role in many aspects of oxygen homeostasis. The heterodimeric HIF complex is regulated by proteolysis of its alpha-subunits, following oxygen-dependent hydroxylation of specific prolyl residues. Although three HIF prolyl hydroxylases, PHD1, PHD2, and PHD3, have been identified(More)
Studies of gene regulation by oxygen have revealed novel signal pathways that regulate the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) transcriptional system through post-translational hydroxylation of specific prolyl and asparaginyl residues in HIF-alpha subunits. These oxygen-sensitive modifications are catalyzed by members of the 2-oxoglutarate (2-OG) dioxygenase(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a heterodimeric transcription factor that directs a broad range of cellular responses to hypoxia. Recent studies have defined a set of 2-oxoglutarate and Fe(II)-dependent dioxygenases that modify HIF-alpha subunits by prolyl and asparaginyl hydroxylation. These processes potentially provide a dual system of control,(More)
From the Oxygen Sensing Group, The Henry Wellcome Building for Molecular Physiology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN and Genomics Group, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, The Henry Wellcome Building for Genomic Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN Running title: Hypoxic gene regulation and 2-OG dependent dioxygenases * Address(More)
NmtR from Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a new member of the ArsR-SmtB family of metal sensor transcriptional repressors. NmtR binds to the operator-promoter of a gene encoding a P(1) type ATPase (NmtA), repressing transcription in vivo except in medium supplemented with nickel or, to some extent, cobalt. In a cyanobacterial host, Synechococcus PCC 7942(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF) is regulated by oxygen-dependent prolyl hydroxylation. Of the three HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1, 2 and 3) identified, PHD3 exhibits restricted substrate specificity in vitro and is induced in different cell types by diverse stimuli. PHD3 may therefore provide an interface between oxygen sensing and other signalling(More)
The effect of diabetes mellitus vs the effect of the Ren2 gene on the glomerular pathology of (mREN-2)27 heterozygous male rats is controversial. As discrete diabetes-induced glomerular lesions may have been overlooked, we performed a detailed morphometric analysis of glomeruli in diabetic and non-diabetic heterozygous male (mREN-2)27 rats and their(More)
We investigated renal hemodynamics in isolated, perfused kidneys from rat models of diabetes and hypertension. Autoregulation and passive vascular responses were measured using stepped pressure ramps in the presence of angiotensin II (pEC50) or papaverine (0.1 mM), respectively. Male diabetic heterozygote m(Ren2)27 rats were compared with three male control(More)
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