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The general splicing factor SF2/ASF binds in a sequence-specific manner to a purine-rich exonic splicing enhancer (ESE) in the last exon of bovine growth hormone (bGH) pre-mRNA. More importantly, SF2/ASF stimulates in vitro splicing of bGH intron D through specific interaction with the ESE sequences. However, another general splicing factor, SC35, does not(More)
In a previous report, we described the presence, in pituitary tissue, of an alternatively processed species of bovine growth hormone mRNA from which the last intron (intron D) has not been removed by splicing (R. K. Hampson and F. M. Rottman, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84:2673-2677, 1987). Using transient expression of the bovine growth hormone gene in Cos(More)
The effect of short-chain fatty acids on glycine catabolism by the glycine cleavage system was investigated in isolated rat liver mitochondria. Metabolic flux through the glycine cleavage system was monitored by measuring the production of 14CO2 from [1-14C]glycine. Propionate, butyrate, pentanoate, and octanoate, and to a lesser extent acetate, all(More)
Bovine growth hormone (bGH) pre-mRNA is alternatively spliced, resulting in retention of the last intron (intron D) in a fraction of the cytosolic bGH mRNA. To study the mechanism of this alternative splicing event, we examined the splicing of bGH pre-mRNA in vitro. The splicing of bGH intron D in vitro required a 115-base pair segment of exon 5, reflecting(More)
A previous study has demonstrated that deletion of a region within the last exon of bovine growth hormone (bGH) pre-mRNA results in almost complete retention of the upstream intron (Hampson, R. K., LaFollette, L., and Rottman, F. M. (1989) Mol. Cell. Biol. 9, 1604-1610). We now demonstrate that insertion of a simple purine-rich element (GGAAG), which is(More)
We have detected a variant species of bovine growth hormone mRNA in bovine pituitary tissue and in a stably transfected bovine growth hormone-producing cell line. Analysis of this variant mRNA indicated that the last intervening sequence (intron D) had not been removed by splicing. Inspection of the sequence of intron D reveals an open reading frame through(More)
An immune-tolerizing protocol was employed to generate monoclonal antibodies to a variant protein isoform of bovine growth hormone arising from alternative pre-mRNA processing. Variant bovine growth hormone used for immunization was obtained by expression in bacteria and electroelution of the protein from preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide(More)
The catabolism of glycine in the isolated perfused rat liver was investigated by measuring the production of 14CO2 from [1-14C]- and [2-14C]glycine. Production of 14CO2 from [1-14C]glycine was maximal as the perfusate glycine concentration approached 10 mM and exhibited a maximal activity of 125 nmol of 14CO2 X g-1 X min-1 and an apparent Km of(More)