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The formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on extracellular matrix components leads to accelerated increases in collagen cross linking that contributes to myocardial stiffness in diabetes. This study determined the effect of the crosslink breaker, ALT-711 on diabetes-induced cardiac disease. Streptozotocin diabetes was induced in Sprague-Dawley(More)
BACKGROUND The role of androgens in producing cardiac hypertrophy by direct action on cardiac myocytes is uncertain. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that cardiac myocytes in adult men and women express an androgen receptor gene and that myocytes respond to androgens by a hypertrophic response. METHODS AND RESULTS We used reverse(More)
OBJECTIVE Compelling epidemiological and clinical evidence has identified a specific cardiomyopathy in diabetes, characterized by early diastolic dysfunction and adverse structural remodeling. Activation of the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor (IGF-1R) promotes physiological cardiac growth and enhances contractile function. The aim of the(More)
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that bradykinin-stimulated release of nitric oxide (NO) and/or prostacyclin from endothelium blocks myocyte hypertrophy in vitro. Angiotensin II increased [3H]phenylalanine incorporation by 21 +/- 2% in myocytes cocultured with endothelial cells; this was abolished by bradykinin in the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE While maintaining cardiac performance, chronic β-adrenoceptor activation eventually exacerbates the progression of cardiac remodelling and failure. We examined the adverse signalling pathways mediated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and reactive oxygen species (ROS) after chronic β₂-adrenoceptor(More)
Until recently, most of the biological effects of nitric oxide (NO) have been attributed to its uncharged state (NO*), yet NO can also exist in the reduced state as nitroxyl (HNO or NO(-)). Putatively generated from both NO synthase (NOS)-dependent and -independent sources, HNO is rapidly emerging as a novel entity with distinct pharmacology and therapeutic(More)
Cardiac oxidative stress is an early event associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy, triggered by hyperglycemia. We tested the hypothesis that targeting left-ventricular (LV) reactive oxygen species (ROS) upregulation subsequent to hyperglycemia attenuates type 1 diabetes-induced LV remodeling and dysfunction, accompanied by attenuated proinflammatory(More)
Stimulation of cardiomyocyte guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) via endothelial-derived nitric oxide (NO) is an important mechanism by which bradykinin and ACE inhibitors prevent hypertrophy. Endothelial NO dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy are morbid features of diabetes not entirely prevented by ACE inhibitors. In(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide have been linked to the hypertrophic response of the heart to stimuli including angiotensin II (AngII), mechanical stretch, and pressure overload. We have previously demonstrated that cGMP and protein kinase G mediate the antihypertrophic actions of the natriuretic peptides in rat cardiomyocytes and(More)
Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality among the diabetic population. Both experimental and clinical evidence suggest that diabetic subjects are predisposed to a distinct cardiomyopathy, independent of concomitant macro- and microvascular disorders. 'Diabetic cardiomyopathy' is characterized by early impairments in diastolic(More)