Learn More
Cell death was examined by studying the spinal cords of rats subjected to traumatic insults of mild to moderate severity. Within minutes after mild weight drop impact (a 10 gm weight falling 6.25 mm), neurons in the immediate impact area showed a loss of cytoplasmic Nissl substances. Over the next 7 d, this lesion area expanded and cavitated. Terminal(More)
BACKGROUND Venous leg ulcers can be very hard to heal and represent a significant medical need with no effective therapeutic treatment currently available. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In wound edge biopsies from human venous leg ulcers we found a striking upregulation of dermal N-cadherin, Zonula Occludens-1 and the gap junction protein Connexin43 (Cx43) compared(More)
BACKGROUND Body mass index (BMI) has been associated with the risk of oesophageal cancer. But the influence of BMI on postoperative complication and prognosis has always been controversial. METHODS In total, 2031 consecutive patients who underwent oesophagectomy between 1998 and 2008 were classified according to Asian-specific BMI (kg m(-2)) cutoff(More)
Previous studies have implicated both excitotoxicity and apoptosis in the pathogenesis of cerebral infarction induced by focal ischemic insults. Here we tested the possibility that the NMDA antagonist, dextrorphan, and the protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide, would produce additive protective effects in a rodent model of focal ischemia-reperfusion.(More)
Glutamate is a major neurotransmitter in the CNS but is also a key metabolite intimately coupled to amino acid production/degradation. We consider the effect of inhibition of two key glutamate metabolic enzymes: glutamine synthetase (GS) and aspartate aminotransferase on retinal function assessed using the electroretinogram to consider photoreceptoral(More)
PURPOSE To investigate how glutamate and glutamine levels are established in the aqueous humor by identifying the transporters and metabolism pathways that contribute to the differential accumulation of glutamate and glutamine between the distinct epithelial cell layers that constitute the ciliary body. METHODS Postembedding immunohistochemistry and(More)
Focal cerebral ischemia confined to the cerebral cortex in the right middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory was induced by temporary ligation of the MCA and both common carotid arteries (CCAs). Reperfusion was initiated by releasing all three arterial occlusions after 90 min of ischemia. Infarct volume was morphometrically measured after(More)
The cystine/glutamate transporter (Xc-) is widely expressed in the central nervous system and is thought to play a role in glutamatergic neurotransmission by releasing low levels of glutamate. Although previous studies have localized the transporter throughout the retina, we now present results from localization and functional studies within the first(More)
The diazoxide derivative IDRA 21 and other positive modulators of (AMPA)-type glutamate receptors are considered potential memory-enhancing agents. However, AMPA receptor activation contributes to CA1 hippocampal neuron damage from global ischemia in rodents, raising the possibility that 7-chloro-3-methyl-3-4-dihydro-2H-1,2,4 benzothiadiazine S,S-dioxide(More)
SynGAP is a Ras/Rap GTPase-activating protein (GAP) that is a major constituent of postsynaptic densities (PSDs) from mammalian forebrain. Its α1 isoform binds to all three PDZ (PSD-95, Discs-large, ZO-1) domains of PSD-95, the principal PSD scaffold, and can occupy as many as 15% of these PDZ domains. We present evidence that synGAP-α1 regulates the(More)