Learn More
STAT5 consists of two proteins, STAT5A/B, that impact mammary cell differentiation, proliferation, and survival. In normal development, STAT5 expression and activity are regulated by prolactin signaling with JAK2/ELF5, EGF signaling networks that include c-Src, and growth hormone, insulin growth factor, estrogen, and progesterone signaling pathways. In(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists have anticancer activity and influence cell differentiation. We examined the impact of the selective PPARγ agonist efatutazone on mammary cancer pathogenesis in a mouse model of BRCA1 mutation. Mice with conditional loss of full-length BRCA1 targeted to mammary epithelial cells in association(More)
Environmental estrogen mimics, including metalloestrogens that can activate estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα), may contribute to breast cancer risk. However, the underlying mechanisms through which these molecular mimics activate the ERα are generally poorly understood. With concern to this important question, we investigated whether intracellular calcium may(More)
Aberrations in estrogen signaling increase breast cancer risk. Molecular mechanisms that impact breast cancer initiation, promotion, and progression can be investigated using genetically engineered mouse models. Increasing estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) expression levels twofold is sufficient to initiate and promote breast cancer progression. Initiation and(More)
Genetically engineered mice along with allograft and xenograft models can be used to effectively model triple negative breast cancer both for studies of pathophysiology as well as preclinical prevention and therapeutic drug studies. In this review eight distinct genetically engineered mouse models of BRCA1 deficiency are discussed in relationship to the(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by an extensive fibrotic reaction or desmoplasia and complex involvement of the surrounding tumor microenvironment. Pancreatic stellate cells are a key mediator of the pancreatic matrix and they promote progression and invasion of pancreatic cancer by increasing cell proliferation and offering(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and cyclin D1 are frequently co-expressed in human breast cancer. Some, but not all, studies link tamoxifen resistance to co-expression of cyclin D1 and ERα. In mice over-expression of either cyclin D1 or ERα in mammary epithelial cells is sufficient to induce mammary hyperplasia. Cyclin D1 over-expression in mice(More)
Amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) (also known as steroid receptor coactivator-3) is a nuclear receptor coactivator enhancing estrogen receptor (ER)α and progesterone receptor (PR)-dependent transcription in breast cancer. The splice variant AIB1Δ3 demonstrates increased ability to promote ERα and PR-dependent transcription. Both are implicated in breast(More)
Time-lapse imaging can be used to compare behavior of cultured primary preneoplastic mammary epithelial cells derived from different genetically engineered mouse models of breast cancer. For example, time between cell divisions (cell lifetimes), apoptotic cell numbers, evolution of morphological changes, and mechanism of colony formation can be quantified(More)
Background Loss of BRCA1 has been linked to increased cell proliferation in human mammary epithelial cells. To determine if this phenotype is mirrored in the normal-appearing mammary epithelial cells from mouse models of BRCA1 deficiency, time-lapse imaging was performed on primary mammary epithelial cell (PMEC) cultures. Three distinct genetic models were(More)