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Previously, we reported that Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with murine mouse major histocompatibility complex class II genes, exhibit a unique antigen (Ag) processing defect whereby these cells are impaired in processing only Ag with disulfide bonds. Here, we examined various aspects of the intracellular reducing environment in the CHO cells(More)
The blood-sucking insect Rhodnius prolixus rapidly eliminates a Na(+)-rich K(+)-poor urine after its large meals. K(+)-rich fluid is first secreted by the upper Malpighian tubules and passes to the lower tubules where most of the potassium is reabsorbed. During the initial stimulation of the tubules, the lower tubules must be activated first to avoid loss(More)
It has been known since 1986 that CD8 T lymphocytes from certain HIV-1-infected individuals who are immunologically stable secrete a soluble factor, termed CAF, that suppresses HIV-1 replication. However, the identity of CAF remained elusive despite an extensive search. By means of a protein-chip technology, we identified a cluster of proteins that were(More)
We report on a multicenter analysis of HUPO reference specimens using SELDI-TOF MS. Eight sites submitted data obtained from serum and plasma reference specimen analysis. Spectra from five sites passed preliminary quality assurance tests and were subjected to further analysis. Intralaboratory CVs varied from 15 to 43%. A correlation coefficient matrix(More)
Our objective was to identify metabolic pathways affected by ALS using non-targeted metabolomics in plasma, comparing samples from healthy volunteers to those from ALS patients. This discovery could become the basis for the identification of therapeutic targets and diagnostic biomarkers of ALS. Two distinct cross-sectional studies were conducted. Plasma was(More)
OBJECTIVE Serum α-hydroxybutyrate (α-HB) is elevated in insulin resistance and diabetes. We tested the hypothesis that the α-HB level predicts abnormal 1 h glucose levels and β-cell dysfunction inferred from plasma insulin kinetics during a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This cross-sectional study included 217(More)
More than 10 million people are thought to be infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, primarily in the Americas. The clinical manifestations of Chagas' disease (CD) are variable, but most subjects remain asymptomatic for decades. Only 15 to 30% eventually develop terminal complications. All current diagnostic tests have limitations. New approaches are needed for(More)
The antitumour activities of 15 novel aromatic dimethanesulphonate esters were studied. Several alkyl and alkoxy compounds have shown good antitumour activity whilst similar isomers have proved ineffective as antitumour agents. These differences in activity have been correlated with the length of the sidechain substituents and their relative flexibilities.
Surface Enhanced Laser/Desorption Ionization-time of flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry is a technique uniquely suited to the study of the urine proteome due to its salt tolerance, high-throughput, and small sample requirements. However, due to the extreme sensitivity of the technique, sample collection and storage conditions, as well as instrument(More)
Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is utilized in industries for its semiconductor and optical properties. Chemical exposure of animals systemically suppresses several immune functions. The ability of splenic B cells to activate antigen-specific helper CD4(+) T cell hybridomas was assessed, and various aspects of antigen-presenting cell function were examined.(More)