Unwanted proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are exported into the cytoplasm and degraded by the proteasome through the ER-associated protein degradation pathway (ERAD). Disturbances in ERAD are linked to ER stress, which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several human diseases. However, the composition and organization of ERAD complexes in… (More)
BACKGROUND Humanized mice able to reconstitute a surrogate human immune system (HIS) can be used for studies on human immunology and may provide a predictive preclinical model for human vaccines prior to clinical trials. However, current humanized mouse models show sub-optimal human T cell reconstitution and limited ability to support immunoglobulin class… (More)
Twenty-five epileptic outpatients were studied to assess possible effects of the first 6 months of treatment with carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine using serial peripheral nerve conduction measurements. Carbamazepine caused a small slowing effect on the motor conduction of the median nerve after 4 weeks of treatment, and the effect was correlated with the… (More)
Plasma-high-density-lipoprotein (H.D.L.) cholesterol concentrations are lower in patients with coronary-artery disease than in control subjects. In an investigation of the relationship of H.D.L. cholesterol to other lipid and lipoprotein parameters in normal and hyperlipoproteinaemic subjects inverse correlations were found between H.D.L. cholesterol and… (More)
We studied 23 epileptic outpatients to assess carbamazepine and phenytoin therapy effects on the peripheral nerve conduction velocity, the electromyogram, and the EEG background activity. Immediately before and 3, 5, 11, 22 months after beginning treatment with 300-800 mg carbamazepine or 200-400 mg phenytoin, the patients were examined with… (More)
Chronic, mentally subnormal epileptic patients were clinically and neurophysiologically studied in order to determine the occurrence and type of peripheral nerve dysfunction. We observed significant impairment of motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities and H-reflex latencies. Amplitudes of sensory and motor responses were diminished. Motor distal… (More)
We describe four patients suffering from lower limb compartment syndromes which were caused by constrictive bandages applied after stripping of varices. The dressing was erroneously only partially removed, when the patients started complaining of severe pain and tension in the operated legs. The damages varied from extended irreversible neuromuscular… (More)
This report documents a patient with unilateral hypoplasia of the thenar eminence. The clinical, electrodiagnostic, and radiological findings indicated a developmental abnormality which must be considered in the differential diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome.