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Mutants of Bacillus subtilis with altered deoxyribonucleic-dependent ribonucleic acid polymerase activity have been isolated and characterized. These mutants, selected as strains resistant to rifampin or streptolydigin, demonstrate drug-resistant in vitro ribonucleic acid synthesis. Sporeforming ability and support of phage infection are altered in many of(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 (O157) are significant foodborne pathogens and pose a serious threat to public health worldwide. The major reservoirs of O157 are asymptomatic cattle which harbor the organism in the terminal recto-anal junction (RAJ). Some colonized animals, referred to as "super-shedders" (SS), are known to shed O157 in(More)
There is a growing concern of a public health risk associated with non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) since E. coli serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145 are frequently implicated in outbreaks of human illness worldwide. Recently, the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture declared these six(More)
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis is the etiologic agent of Johne's disease in ruminants and has also been associated with human Crohn's disease. We report the complete genome sequence of M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis, isolated from the breast milk of a Crohn's disease patient. This sequence has high identity with characterized strains(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 causes foodborne infections, and cattle are the primary reservoir. Some animals, known as supershedders, excrete orders of magnitude more E. coli O157:H7 in the feces than normal. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of the SS52 supershedder strain of E. coli O157:H7.
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