Rebecca C Meagher

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Chronic ethanol abuse causes thrombocytopenia but the underlying mechanism is unknown. To determine the target cells involved, we examined the effects of the drug in vitro on both megakaryocyte progenitor cells (CFU-Meg) and isolated, maturing megakaryocytes. In the presence of ethanol concentrations of 0.05-2.0 g/dl, megakaryocyte colony formation by mouse(More)
To better understand the limited hematopoietic life span of human marrow "Dexter" cultures, we developed a miniaturized, two-stage culture system with which in vitro production of hematopoietic progenitors could be reproducibly detected and quantified. Light-density, gradient-separated human marrow cells were inoculated into Leighton slide tubes, and(More)
In vivo and in vitro clonal assays of immature mouse blood cells showed that different populations of hematopoietic progenitor cells differ considerably with respect to their sensitivity to photodynamic damages caused by the fluorescent dye Merocyanine 540. Late erythroid progenitors were the most sensitive cells followed in order of decreasing sensitivity(More)
This study demonstrated for the first time that bone marrow is a target of enhanced in vivo monocytopoiesis in hyperlipemia. A significantly greater number of bone marrow cells (BMC) were recovered per femur in swine fed a hyperlipemic (HL) diet compared with swine fed a normal (N) diet. In addition, a significantly elevated number of monocytic precursors(More)
Merocyanine 540 (MC 540) is an impermeant fluorescent dye that binds preferentially to fluidlike domains of the cell membrane. Photoexcitation of membrane-bound dye causes a breakdown of the normal permeability properties of the membrane and, eventually, cell death. We have used in vitro and in vivo clonal assays to determine the relative sensitivities of(More)
The effects of alcohol on bone marrow are not well understood. We measured the influence of ethanol and its metabolite, acetaldehyde, on the in vitro proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells from mice and human beings. Colony formation by both early and late erythroid progenitor cells was suppressed by concentrations of ethanol (0.05 to 0.2 per cent)(More)
An inhalation method of ethanol administration was used to study the effects of 14 days of ethanol administration on the immune and hematopoietic systems of the rat. A decrease in cellularity was found in the spleen, thymus, and bone marrow of ethanol-treated rats. Although the red blood cell count, white blood cell count, and hemoglobin concentration were(More)
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that in 2010 only 14.4% of people in the United States who are appropriate candidates received the herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine. This manuscript highlights recent studies that investigate how pharmacists can help improve vaccination rates of herpes zoster in the geriatric population. Research has(More)