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STUDY OBJECTIVE To quantify how seniors' ability to take oral prescription drugs safely may correlate with age, sex, socioeconomic status, education, cognitive impairment, depression, and drug self-management. DESIGN Cross-sectional study SETTING Three retirement communities and an adult day care center. PATIENTS Fifty-seven elderly individuals (mean(More)
Falls are a significant cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries in older persons. Risk factors include previous falls, several disease states, and certain drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants and antihypertensives. We conducted a MEDLINE search from January 1966-March 1999 to identify studies and review articles on the association of neuroleptics,(More)
Clinical data suggest that thiazolidinediones--specifically, rosiglitazone and pioglitazone--may improve cardiovascular risk factors through multiple mechanisms. Low insulin sensitivity has been described as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease. Patients with insulin resistance often have several known risk(More)
BACKGROUND Medication nonadherence is increasingly recognized as a cause of preventable adverse events, hospitalizations, and poor healthcare outcomes. While comprehensive medication adherence assessment for the elderly is likely to identify and prevent drug-related problems, it is time consuming for patient and healthcare providers alike. OBJECTIVE To(More)
A rising concern among clinicians is treatment of unplanned weight loss in the elderly, especially given the predicted growth of this population over the next few decades. Unexpected weight loss in the geriatric patient worsens overall health outcomes. A variety of pharmacotherapeutic options are available for treatment; however, evidence underlying their(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the proportion of patients aged 65 years and older who are prescribed propoxyphene (PP) versus those aged 65 and younger. DESIGN Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING Tertiary care facility. PARTICIPANTS Adult patients admitted to the hospital between January 1, 2005, and June 30, 2005, and prescribed either hydrocodone(More)
Osteoporosis and related fractures are a significant concern for the global community. As the population continues to age, morbidity and mortality from fractures due to low bone mineral density (BMD) will likely continue to increase. Efforts should be made to screen those at risk for osteoporosis, identify and address various risk factors for falls and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the case of an elderly patient who experienced hepatic enzyme elevations and symptoms of hepatitis associated with the administration of a dietary supplement. CASE SUMMARY A 92-year-old white woman with no history of hepatic disease developed jaundice and increased confusion associated with increased hepatic enzymes. The hepatitis(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a case of an antipsychotic-sparing effect achieved after the addition of memantine to the regimen of a patient with severe Alzheimer's disease and aggressive behavioral disturbances. CASE SUMMARY A 78-year-old white man with severe Alzheimer's disease was receiving risperidone 2 mg 3 times daily for persistent aggressive and(More)