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Because the flowering and fruiting phenology of plants is sensitive to environmental cues such as temperature and moisture, climate change is likely to alter community-level patterns of reproductive phenology. Here we report a previously unreported phenomenon: experimental warming advanced flowering and fruiting phenology for species that began to flower(More)
[1] We conducted two experiments, one long term with a 2°C increase (Experiment 1) and one short term with a 4.4°C increase (Experiment 2), to investigate main and interactive effects of warming, clipping, and doubled precipitation on soil CO 2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity in a U.S. tallgrass prairie. On average, warming increased soil CO 2 efflux(More)
The influence of global warming on soil organic matter (SOM) dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems remains unclear. In this study, we combined soil fractionation with isotope analyses to examine SOM dynamics after nine years of experimental warming in a North America tallgrass prairie. Soil samples from the control plots and the warmed plots were separated(More)
Terrestrial ecosystems control carbon dioxide fluxes to and from the atmosphere through photosynthesis and respiration, a balance between net primary productivity and heterotrophic respiration, that determines whether an ecosystem is sequestering carbon or releasing it to the atmosphere. Global and site-specific data sets have demonstrated that climate and(More)
Climate warming has been hypothesized to influence dynamics of soil organic carbon (SOC), especially labile SOC due to its rapid response to changes in temperature and carbon (C) supply. In this study, we examined impacts of experimental warming on the labile and whole SOC pools in association with warming-induced vegetation changes from 2000 to 2008 in a(More)
1. The occurrence and intensity of climate extremes, such as extremely warm years, are expected to continue to increase with increasing tropospheric radiative forcing caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. 2. Responses of terrestrial ecosystem processes and services – such as above-ground net primary productivity (ANPP) and maintenance of plant(More)
Keywords: Climate change Land use practice Litter decomposition Litter C and N dynamics Initial litter quality Soil microclimate a b s t r a c t Litter carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) dynamics are important processes in regulating C and N cycling in ecosystems. However, it is not well understood how global climate change and land use practice interactively(More)
Grassland productivity in response to climate change and land use is a global concern. In order to explore the effects of climate change and land use on net primary productivity (NPP), NPP partitioning [fBNPP , defined as the fraction of belowground NPP (BNPP) to NPP], and rain-use efficiency (RUE) of NPP, we conducted a field experiment with warming (+3(More)
Aims To determine if an experimentally applied anomalous weather year could have effects on species composition and community structure that would carry over into the following year. Methods We conducted a field experiment applying two levels of temperature (ambient and +4°C) and two levels of precipitation (ambient and doubled) and followed cover of plant(More)
Soil respiration is recognized to be influenced by temperature, moisture, and ecosystem production. However, little is known about how plant community structure regulates responses of soil respiration to climate change. Here, we used a 13-year field warming experiment to explore the mechanisms underlying plant community regulation on feedbacks of soil(More)