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Signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat)5a and Stat5b are critical for normal immune function. Progression of T cells through G(1)-S phase of cell cycle requires T cell receptor (TCR)- and/or cytokine-inducible tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat5a/b. Stat5a/b may also, in a cell-dependent manner, be constitutively or cytokine-inducibly(More)
Janus kinase 3 (Jak3) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine (Tyr) kinase associated with the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor common gamma chain (gamma(c)) that is activated by multiple T-cell growth factors (TCGFs) such as IL-2, -4, and -7. Using human T cells, it was found that a recently discovered variant of the undecylprodigiosin family of antibiotics, PNU156804,(More)
The cytoplasmic localized Janus tyrosine kinase 3 (Jak3) is activated by multiple cytokines, including IL-2, IL-4, and IL-7, through engagement of the IL-2R common gamma-chain. Genetic inactivation of Jak3 is manifested as SCID in humans and mice. These findings have suggested that Jak3 represents a pharmacological target to control certain lymphoid-derived(More)
Nuclear export of intron-containing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA is mediated by the viral Rev protein. Rev is a nucleocytoplasmic transport protein that directly binds to its cis-acting Rev-responsive element RNA. Rev function depends on its ability to multimerize. The in vivo dynamics and the subcellular dependence of this process are still(More)
Vpr and selected mutants were used in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae two-hybrid screen to identify cellular interactors. We found Vpr interacted with 14-3-3 proteins, a family regulating a multitude of proteins in the cell. Vpr mutant R80A, which is inactive in cell cycle arrest, did not interact with 14-3-3. 14-3-3 proteins regulate the G(2)/M transition by(More)
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is a positive-strand RNA Alphavirus endemic in Central and South America, and the causative agent of fatal encephalitis in humans. In an effort to better understand the mechanisms of infection, including differences between people who produce a neutralizing antibody response to the vaccine and those who do not, we(More)
To protect against ricin intoxication, a genetically derived ricin A chain vaccine candidate (RVEc) was developed lacking the toxic N-glycosidase activity (Olson et al., 2004). The vaccine protects animals against an aerosolized ricin holotoxin (RT) challenge (Carra et al., 2007). In the current study, the RVEc vaccine was evaluated for its interaction and(More)