Rebecca A Cox

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Coccidioidomycosis is caused by the dimorphic fungi in the genus Coccidioides. These fungi live as mycelia in the soil of desert areas of the American Southwest, and when the infectious spores, the arthroconidia, are inhaled, they convert into the parasitic spherule/endospore phase. Most infections are mild, but these organisms are frank pathogens and can(More)
The effects of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists on ethanol intake were examined in the selectively bred alcohol-preferring P line of rats under continuous and limited access to 10% (v/v) ethanol with food and water ad lib. Single daily injections of either MDL 72222 (MDL) or ICS 205-930 (ICS) (0.01-3.0 mg/kg, SC) given 60 min before a 4-h scheduled access period(More)
The proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were induced in mice infected with Coccidioides immitis. Analyses of the cytokine profiles of two inbred mouse strains which differ in their susceptibility to pulmonary challenge with C. immitis revealed higher levels of IL-6 in(More)
The profiles of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) production were evaluated during the course of coccidioidomycosis in two inbred mouse strains which differ in their susceptibility to Coccidioides immitis. Cytokine responses, measured at the molecular and protein levels, showed increased levels of IFN-gamma in lung extracts from mice of(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) are potent immunomodulatory cytokines which are produced principally by cells of the macrophage-monocyte lineage. We conducted an investigation to assess the secretion of these cytokines by bronchoalveolar macrophages from patients with progressive stages of human immunodeficiency virus(More)
Coccidioides immitis is a fungal pathogen of humans and is classified as a Select Agent. We have identified a new potential vaccine candidate for this pathogen using cDNA expression library immunization (ELI). A C. immitis spherule-phase cDNA library containing 800-1000 genes was divided into 10 pools and each was tested for its protective capacity in(More)
Previous experiments have provided evidence that Coccidioides immitis antigen 2 (Ag2) is a major T-cell-reactive component of mycelia and spherule cell walls. Here we report the identification and cloning of the cDNA that encodes Ag2 from a lambda ZAP cDNA expression library constructed from spherule-derived RNA. DNA sequence analysis established that the(More)
Antigen 2 is a glycosylated protein present in the cell walls of the dimorphic fungus Coccidioides immitis. Using oligodeoxyribonucleotide (oligo) primers based on the sequences of Ag2 cDNA, the gene encoding Ag2 was cloned from genomic DNA derived from the mycelial phase of C. immitis by PCR. Nucleotide (nt) sequence analyses showed a 582 base pair (bp)(More)
To examine the transmission of drug-resistant (DR) tuberculosis between Texas and Mexico, Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates resistant to one or more of the first-line antimycobacterial drugs were obtained from 606 patients who resided in Texas and 313 patients who resided in Mexico, primarily within the state of Tamaulipas. The isolates were genotyped by(More)
Detection of anti-Coccidioides complement-fixing (CF) antibody is a valuable diagnostic and prognostic aid in coccidioidomycosis. The CF antibody response is directed against a heat-labile antigen that has chitinase activity, hereafter referred to as the CF/chitinase protein. To identify and clone this immunoreactive enzyme, we constructed a Coccidioides(More)