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The effects on histology and microbial ecology in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) intestine caused by dietary probiotic and microalgae were studied. Fish were fed non-supplemented (C, control) or supplemented diets with Tetraselmis chuii, Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Bacillus subtilis single or combined (diets T, P, B, BT and BP) for 4 weeks. Curiously,(More)
Changes produced in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) intestinal morphology and microbiota caused by dietary administration of inulin and Bacillus subtilis have been studied. Gilthead sea bream specimens were fed diets containing 0 (control), inulin (10 g kg(-1)), B. subtilis (10(7) cfu g(-1)), or B. subtilis + inulin (10(7) cfu g(-1) + 10 g kg(-1)) for(More)
The present work evaluates the effects of inulin and Bacillus subtilis, single or combined, on immune parameters, immune-related gene expression and protection against Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Three trials were conducted. In the first trial, different concentrations of inulin (10, 15 and 30 g kg(-1)) (as(More)
The present study assessed the effects of three orally administered microalgae (Nannochloropsis gaditana, Tetraselmis chuii and Phaeodactylum tricornutum) on different immune parameters and immune-related gene expression of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Fish were fed a control or one of six experimental diets and sampled at 2 and 4 weeks of(More)
The present study assesses the in vivo effect of vitamin D(3) or cholecalciferol on some innate immune parameters of the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Cholecalciferol was orally administered to seabream specimens in a commercial pellet food supplemented with 0 (control); 3750; 18,750 or 37,500 U kg(-1) and fish were sampled after 1, 2 and 4 weeks of(More)
Combined or individual effects of two microalgae (Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Tetraselmis chuii) and Bacillus subtilis on immune response, gene expression, and survival to challenge with Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida of gilthead sea bream were investigated. To test the capacity of B. subtilis to grow employing the microalgae polysaccharides as(More)
The present work describes effects of dietary inulin, two microalgae (Tetraselmis chuii and Phaeodactylum tricornutum) and Bacillus subtilis (solely or combined with inulin or microalgae) on the expression of different genes in the intestine of the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) following four weeks of a feeding trial. Selected genes were grouped into(More)
Inulin, a fructooligossacharide, is a prebiotic that plays an important role in the immune function in mammals, but it has never been assayed in other vertebrate groups. Thus, we have studied the inulin effects on the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) innate immune response both in vitro and in vivo. For the in vitro study, head-kidney leucocytes were(More)
Melatonin, a molecule produced in the pineal gland and retina of vertebrates, plays a major role in day-night circadian rhythms and other physiological processes, including the immune responses. Because little is known in this respect in fish, we have evaluated the in vivo role of melatonin in the main innate immune activities and the expression of(More)
Aquaculture industry exposes fish to acute stress events, such as high stocking density, and a link between stress and higher susceptibility to diseases has been concluded. Several studies have demonstrated increased stress tolerance of fish treated with probiotics, but the mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 is a(More)