Reba Kanungo

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The aim of the present study was to evaluate antimicrobial susceptibility patterns with special reference to multidrug resistance, susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, and bacteriophage typing of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi isolated from blood sent for culture in a tertiary-care teaching hospital in eastern Nepal during January 2000-December 2004. In(More)
Nosocomial infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii often prove difficult to treat owing to their multiple drug resistance. Carbapenems play a pivotal role in the management of severe Acinetobacter infections. However, reports of carbapenem resistance have been increasing alarmingly due to production of a variety of carbapenemases including(More)
Ninety-one consecutive cases of proven oculomycosis were studied in relation to clinical features and epidemiological parameters. Mycotic corneal ulcers formed the major group (76%), followed by endophthalmitis (20%). Aspergillus was the common causative fungus (36%) in keratomycosis followed by Penicillium species (29%). Fusarium keratomycosis was not as(More)
PURPOSE To study the qualitative and quantitative methods for the investigation of biofilm formation and to examine the correlation between biofilm and antibiotic resistance among the clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii . We also verified the association between biofilm and presence of extended spectrum beta-lactamases, particularly, bla PER-1 . (More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most frequent bacterial cause of morbidity and mortality in young children. Bacteria carried in the nasopharynx of healthy children reflect the prevalent strains circulating in the community. METHODS We recruited 464 newborns from a rural area in South India with endemic vitamin A deficiency. Nasopharyngeal(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Streptococcus pneumoniae continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The emerging resistance to some common antibiotics compounds the problem. There arises a need to monitor the resistance pattern and map serotype distribution in different geographic locations. The present study was undertaken to(More)
BACKGROUND Duodenal ulcer perforation is a common emergency in south India, with about 100-120 cases being treated at Jawaharalal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research each year. The routine to date has been to leave two tube drains: one in the Morrison's pouch and one in the pelvis after omental patch closure. This study was conducted(More)
Scedosporium apiospermum is a filamentous fungi that commonly causes cutaneous infection. In certain circumstances, S. apiospermum can also cause invasive disease, which can involve the central nervous system (CNS). When the CNS becomes involved, treatment is difficult, therapeutic options are limited and the prognosis is poor. Early identification and(More)
Acinetobacter spp. is emerging as a common cause of nosocomial infections. Community acquired ocular infections due to Acinetobacter are rare. Only one case of perforation of cornea has been reported previously, where old nomenclature was used to describe the causal agent. We report a case of corneal perforation due to Acinetobacter junii for which a(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify causative bacteria from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with meningitis and analyse various clinical and laboratory parameters. METHODS Over a 20 month period, September 1994 to April 1996, one hundred episodes of acute bacterial meningitis in children aged 1 month-12 years were studied in a tertiary urban hospital in South(More)