Reba Kanungo

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We report a rare case of phaeohyphomycotic cyst in an immunocompetent patient caused by Exophiala oligosperma. This fungus is earlier known to cause infections in the immunocompromised. Identification of black fungi at species level is more challenging by conventional methods, and hence final identification of the fungi was based on sequencing of rDNA. The(More)
Acinetobacter spp. is emerging as a common cause of nosocomial infections. Community acquired ocular infections due to Acinetobacter are rare. Only one case of perforation of cornea has been reported previously, where old nomenclature was used to describe the causal agent. We report a case of corneal perforation due to Acinetobacter junii for which a(More)
Scedosporium apiospermum is a filamentous fungi that commonly causes cutaneous infection. In certain circumstances, S. apiospermum can also cause invasive disease, which can involve the central nervous system (CNS). When the CNS becomes involved, treatment is difficult, therapeutic options are limited and the prognosis is poor. Early identification and(More)
BACKGROUND Duodenal ulcer perforation is a common emergency in south India, with about 100-120 cases being treated at Jawaharalal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research each year. The routine to date has been to leave two tube drains: one in the Morrison's pouch and one in the pelvis after omental patch closure. This study was conducted(More)
PURPOSE To study the qualitative and quantitative methods for the investigation of biofilm formation and to examine the correlation between biofilm and antibiotic resistance among the clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii . We also verified the association between biofilm and presence of extended spectrum beta-lactamases, particularly, bla PER-1 . (More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Streptococcus pneumoniae continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The emerging resistance to some common antibiotics compounds the problem. There arises a need to monitor the resistance pattern and map serotype distribution in different geographic locations. The present study was undertaken to(More)
PURPOSE It is necessary to define the problem of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in every hospital to evolve control strategies. The objectives of this study were to determine factors influencing the persistence of MRSA in patients with hospital acquired infection and to identify alternate cost effective antibiotics. METHODS A six month(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most frequent bacterial cause of morbidity and mortality in young children. Bacteria carried in the nasopharynx of healthy children reflect the prevalent strains circulating in the community. METHODS We recruited 464 newborns from a rural area in South India with endemic vitamin A deficiency. Nasopharyngeal(More)
We have assessed the comparative sensitivities of acridine orange staining and 10% potassium hydroxide wet mount in the examination of corneal scrapings from one hundred and sixty-one clinically suspected cases of mycotic keratitis. The sensitivity of acridine orange was found to be 76% as compared to that of potassium hydroxide (65%). The predictive value(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading bacterial cause of life-threatening infections in infants. Although antibiotic resistance affects management of pneumococcal infections, few data on patterns of resistance are available for India. We examined nasopharyngeal carriage of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci in 464 South Indian infants between 2 and 6(More)