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OBJECTIVES The primary objective was to investigate the effective permeability and the hepatic extraction of fluvastatin, a new 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, during a jejunal perfusion in humans. The secondary objective was to investigate the relationship between human jejunal effective permeability values and(More)
AIMS The purpose of this human intestinal perfusion study was to investigate the effect of ketoconazole on the jejunal permeability and first-pass metabolism of (R)- and (S)-verapamil in humans. METHODS A regional single-pass perfusion of the jejunum was performed using a Loc-I-Gut(R) perfusion tube in six healthy volunteers. Each perfusion lasted for 200(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a model describing the carbamazepine autoinduction and the carbamazepine-mediated induction of CYP3A4, CYP1A2, and P-glycoprotein. Seven healthy volunteers were dosed with carbamazepine over 16 consecutive days. The CYP3A4, CYP1A2, and P-glycoprotein activities were assessed, using midazolam, caffeine, and digoxin as(More)
We have studied the potential stereoselective transport and metabolism of R/S-verapamil in rat jejunum, in-situ. A regional single-pass perfusion of the rat jejunum was performed on 24 rats in six separate groups. The effective permeability (Peff) was assessed for three different concentrations of verapamil, 4, 40 and 400 mg L(-1). The Peff of each(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this human intestinal perfusion study was to investigate the transport and metabolism of R/S-verapamil in the human jejunum (in vivo). METHODS A regional single-pass perfusion of the jejunum was performed using a Loc-I-Gut perfusion tube in 12 healthy volunteers. Each perfusion lasted for 200 min and was divided into two periods(More)
Simultaneous enantiomeric separation of verapamil and its main metabolite norverapamil was achieved using Chiral-AGP as the stationary phase. The optimized chromatographic system was obtained using statistical experimental design with partial least squares as regression method. The three variables studied were buffer pH, content of acetonitrile and column(More)
This document summarizes the work of the Accelerator Working Group (AWG) of the International Scoping Study (ISS) of a Future Neutrino Factory and Superbeam Facility. The main goal of the activity was to reach consensus on a baseline design for a Neutrino Factory complex, including proton driver parameters, choice of target, front-end design, acceleration(More)
The main purpose of this rat study was to investigate the effect of rifampicin on the effective permeability (P(eff)) of R/S-verapamil in the rat jejunum. In addition the effect on metabolism of R/S-verapamil to R/S-norverapamil was examined. In situ single-pass perfusions of the rat jejunum were performed in animals pretreated with oral rifampicin (250(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of transport of fluvastatin across the intestinal mucosa in various regions of the intestine in the rat. In-situ single-pass perfusions of the jejunum, ileum and colon were performed and the effective permeability (Peff) of fluvastatin, antipyrine and D-glucose were assessed in each region, at(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether the decrease in artemisinin bioavailability after repeated oral dosing in humans can be a result of increased efflux of artemisinin by P-glycoprotein or decreased membrane transport at the intestinal barrier. The effective jejunal permeability (Peff) of artemisinin was investigated using an in situ rat(More)