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The bacterial diversity of a soil sample collected in the vicinity of Lake Zub, Schirmacher Oasis, Antarctica, was determined both by establishing pure colonies of culturable bacteria and by cloning the total 16S rDNA of the soil and establishing the phylogeny of the clones. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene clones indicated that the bacteria belonged to the(More)
The genes that encode oxygen-insensitive nitroreductases from Clostridium acetobutylicum possessing 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) transformation activity were cloned, sequenced and characterized. The gene products NitA (MW 31 kDa) and NitB (MW 23 kDa) were purified to homogeneity. The NitA and NitB are oxygen-insensitive nitroreductases comprised of a single(More)
The mutagenicity of 2,4-dinitrotoluene (24DNT), and 2,6-dinitrotoluene (26DNT), and their related transformation products such as hydroxylamine and amine derivatives, which are formed by Clostridium acetobutylicum, were tested in crude cell extracts using Salmonella typhimurium TA100. A previous publication already reported the mutagenic activities of(More)
The role of hydrogenase on the reduction of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in Clostridium acetobutylicum was evaluated. An Fe-only hydrogenase was isolated and identified by using TNT reduction activity as the selection basis. The formation of hydroxylamino intermediates by the purified enzyme corresponded to expected products for this reaction, and saturation(More)
The major enzyme in Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 leading to transformation of TNT has been reported to be the Fe-only hydrogenase. In this study, we examine the effect of inhibitors of hydrogenase on TNT reduction by Clostridial extracts. These experiments further demonstrate the major role of hydrogenase in TNT transformation. The C. acetobutylicum(More)
Pseudomonas sp. strain PH1 was isolated from soil contaminated with pharmaceutical and dye industry waste. The isolate PH1 could use m-aminophenol as a sole source of carbon, nitrogen, and energy to support the growth. PH1 could degrade up to 0.32 mM m-aminophenol in 120 h, when provided as nitrogen source at 0.4 mM concentration with citrate (0.5 mM) as a(More)
A gene (CAC2657) encoding a ferredoxin (EFR1) from the strictly anaerobic soil bacterium Clostridium acetobutylicum was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The ferredoxin gene encodes a polypeptide of 27 kDa that incorporates 2[4Fe–4S] clusters. An extended N-terminal region of 187 amino acid (aa) residues precedes ferredoxin domain. The EFR1(More)
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