Raza Muhammad

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BACKGROUND Secretory otitis media is a very important and common ENT disease, especially in the children. The aetiology of Secretory otitis media is multifocal, and the treatment is initially medical or conservative and if it fails then surgery is indicated. The objective of the study was to determine the efficacy of medical treatment in the management of(More)
We describe a case of pulmonary embolism after sclerosant injection for bleeding oesophageal varices. The patient was managed successfully with enoxaparin. Systemic embolization after sclerotherapy is rare and depends upon a number of factors including the amount of sclerosant agent used. The incidence of this complication could be as high as 6% which(More)
BACKGROUND Epistaxis is one of the commonest ENT emergencies and is experienced by up to 60% of people in their lifetime, with 6% requiring medical attention. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of primary epistaxis and its relationship with temperature and relative humidity. METHODS This cross sectional study included 460 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is an uncommon tumour constituting less than 1% of all head & neck tumours. This tumour has an aggressive local behaviour if left untreated. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment with no common consensus on a single approach. Tumour stage and surgical approaches are the major determinants of outcome. The(More)
CONTEXT Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-induced pancreatitis in patients with AIDS is a known entity with poor prognosis. CASE REPORT We report a case of a 43-year-old woman with AIDS and CMV viremia who was evaluated for hypotension and found to have severe necrotizing pancreatitis. The authors have also conducted a MEDLINE search for CMV-induced pancreatitis from(More)
BACKGROUND Nausea and vomiting are two of the most frequently experienced postoperative side effects complicating one third of the cases. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of gastric decompression in reducing the incidence and complications associated with post-tonsillectomy vomiting in children. METHODS This was a randomised(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown that proformas improve the information recorded by junior doctors when they clerk patients with acute abdominal pain. This increases their diagnostic accuracy, but doctors are reluctant to use them. Patient-completed questionnaires are being used in elective surgery, but can they be used for patients with acute abdominal pain?(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheostomy is a life saving procedure when it is performed for an appropriate indication and surgical technique. The aim of this study was to compare the early complications of elective and emergency tracheostomy in our setup. METHODS This comparative study was conducted at the ENT Department. Hayatabad Medical (Complex (HMC) from March 2009(More)
BACKGROUND Post-operative nausea and vomiting is one of the most frequently occurring side effects affecting one third of the cases. Objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of ondansetron alone and ondansetron plus dexamethasone in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting after middle ear surgery. METHODS This randomized controlled trial(More)