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Nuclear-envelope proteins have been implicated in diverse and fundamental cell functions, among them transcriptional regulation. Gene expression at the territory of the nuclear periphery is known to be repressed by epigenetic modifications such as histone deacetylation and methylation. However, the mechanism by which nuclear-envelope proteins are involved(More)
BACKGROUND Although the extreme condition of typical profound T-cell dysfunction (TD), severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), has been carefully defined, we are currently in the process of better defining less typical T-cell deficiencies, which tend to present with autologous circulating T-cell combined immunodeficiency (CID). Because autologous cells(More)
Intact interleukin-10 receptor (IL-10R) signaling on effector and T regulatory (Treg) cells are each independently required to maintain immune tolerance. Here we show that IL-10 sensing by innate immune cells, independent of its effects on T cells, was critical for regulating mucosal homeostasis. Following wild-type (WT) CD4(+) T cell transfer,(More)
  • Raz Somech
  • Current opinion in allergy and clinical…
  • 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The thymus gland provides an environment for the production of rearranged diversified populations of T-cell receptors (TCRs) expressed on peripheral T cells. These receptors respond to nonself-antigens and are tolerant to self-antigens. During TCR rearrangement processes, unused excised DNA fragments create byproducts termed TCR excision(More)
BACKGROUND The degree of liver fibrosis and inflammation is important in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in terms of therapy as well as prognosis. To obviate the need of liver biopsy, serum markers such as procollagen I, III and hyaluronic acid have been proposed but were found to be inaccurate. Controversy still exists regarding the role of matrix(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease, characterized by extremely rapid loss of motor neurons. Our studies over the last decade have established CD4(+) T cells as important players in central nervous system maintenance and repair. Those results, together with recent findings that CD4(+) T cells play a protective role in mouse models(More)
BACKGROUND ζ-associated protein, 70 kd (ZAP70), deficiency in human subjects results in a combined immunodeficiency characterized by normal numbers of circulating CD4 T cells and CD8 lymphocytopenia. Patients who live beyond infancy can also experience autoimmune manifestations. OBJECTIVES We sought to further characterize the nature of the T-cell(More)
We prospectively quantified disease severity associated with epidemiologic and socioeconomic parameters as well as the clinical factors in 195 previously healthy infants with confirmed respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Infants were enrolled into three subgroups according to disease severity: outpatients (82 patients), inpatients (100 patients),(More)
The kinetics of T and B cell immune recovery after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is affected by many pre- and post-transplant factors. Because of the profoundly depleted baseline T and B cell immunity in recombination activating gene 2 (RAG-2)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) patients, some of these factors are eliminated, and the(More)
BACKGROUND Enumeration of T cell receptor excision circles (TREC) was recently adopted as a neonatal screening assay for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). Enumeration of kappa-deleting recombination excision circle (KREC) copy numbers can be similarly used for early assessment of B cell lymphopenia. OBJECTIVE To assess the ability of TREC and KREC(More)