Rayomand S . Khambata

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Natriuretic peptides play a fundamental role in cardiovascular homeostasis by modulation of fluid and electrolyte balance and vascular tone. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) represents the paracrine element of the natriuretic peptide axis which complements the endocrine actions of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). CNP is(More)
Elevation of circulating nitrite (NO2(-)) levels causes vasodilatation and lowers blood pressure in healthy volunteers. Whether these effects and the underpinning mechanisms persist in hypertension is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the consequences of systemic nitrite elevation in spontaneously hypertensive rats and conducted proof-of-principle studies(More)
Ingestion of vegetables rich in inorganic nitrate has emerged as an effective method, via the formation of a nitrite intermediate, for acutely elevating vascular NO levels. As such a number of beneficial effects of dietary nitrate ingestion have been demonstrated including the suggestion that platelet reactivity is reduced. In this study we investigated(More)
The endothelium plays a fundamental role in maintaining vascular homeostasis by releasing factors that regulate local blood flow, systemic blood pressure, and the reactivity of leukocytes and platelets. Accordingly, endothelial dysfunction underpins many cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Herein, we evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is an endothelium-derived vasorelaxant, exerting anti-atherogenic actions in the vasculature and salvaging the myocardium from ischaemic injury. The cytoprotective effects of CNP are mediated in part via the G(i) -coupled natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)3. As GPCRs are well-known to control cell(More)
Approximately one third of all deaths are attributed to cardiovascular disease (CVD), making it the biggest killer worldwide. Despite a number of therapeutic options available, the burden of CVD morbidity continues to grow indicating the need for continued research to address this unmet need. In this respect, investigation of the mechanisms underlying the(More)
SIGNIFICANCE In contrast to nitric oxide (NO), which has well-established, important effects in regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis, its oxidative metabolite nitrite has, until recently, been considered to be of minor functional significance. RECENT ADVANCES However, this view of nitrite has been radically revised over the past 10 years with evidence(More)
UNLABELLED Single dose administration of dietary inorganic nitrate acutely reduces blood pressure (BP) in normotensive healthy volunteers, via bioconversion to the vasodilator nitric oxide. We assessed whether dietary nitrate might provide sustained BP lowering in patients with hypertension. We randomly assigned 68 patients with hypertension in a(More)
Worryingly, the scale of the problem is increasing, with the proportion of adults with hypertension predicted to increase to almost 1 in 3 (1.57 billion) by 2025. 3 Despite >60 years of innovation in the phar-macotherapy of hypertension, 4 only ≈half of hypertensives are treated for their blood pressure (BP) and of those only ≈half are controlled to(More)
BACKGROUND The beneficial cardiovascular effects of vegetables may be underpinned by their high inorganic nitrate content. OBJECTIVE We sought to examine the effects of a 6-wk once-daily intake of dietary nitrate (nitrate-rich beetroot juice) compared with placebo intake (nitrate-depleted beetroot juice) on vascular and platelet function in untreated(More)