Raymonde Hassig

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OBJECTIVE Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by a polyglutamine expansion in the huntingtin (htt) protein. No cure is available to date to alleviate neurodegeneration. Recent studies have demonstrated that RNA interference represents a promising approach for the treatment of autosomal dominant(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that RNAi is a promising approach for treating autosomal dominant disorders. However, discrimination between wild-type and mutant transcripts is essential, to preserve wild-type expression and function. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is present in more than 70% of patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD). We(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expansion of glutamine repeats in the huntingtin (htt) protein. Abnormal protein folding and the accumulation of mutated htt are hallmarks of HD neuropathology. Heat-shock proteins (hsps), which refold denatured proteins, might therefore mitigate HD. We show here that hsp104(More)
Astrocytes are involved in key physiological brain processes, such as glutamatergic transmission and energy metabolism, often altered in neurodegenerative diseases. Targeted gene expression in astrocytes is needed to assess the contribution of these cells to physiological processes and for the development of new therapeutic strategies. However, most of the(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a fatal, dominant neurodegenerative disorder. MJD results from polyglutamine repeat expansion in the MJD-1 gene, conferring a toxic gain of function to the ataxin-3 protein. In this study, we aimed at overexpressing ataxin-3 in the rat brain using lentiviral vectors (LV), to generate an in vivo MJD genetic model and, to study(More)
Machado-Joseph disease or spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (MJD/SCA3) is a fatal, autosomal dominant disorder caused by a cytosine-adenine-guanine expansion in the coding region of the MJD1 gene. RNA interference has potential as a therapeutic approach but raises the issue of the role of wild-type ataxin-3 (WT ATX3) in MJD and of whether the expression of the(More)
This study of a mononeuropathy of 1-15 weeks (W) duration was induced in rats by setting 4 loose ligatures around the common sciatic nerve. This chronic lesion, in which the continuity of the nerve was maintained, has been introduced as a model for experimental pain. Quantitative analyses of teased nerve fibres and a morphometric analysis of semi-thin(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder resulting from the expansion of a glutamine repeat (polyQ) in the N-terminus of the huntingtin (htt) protein. Expression of polyQ-containing proteins has been previously shown to induce various cellular stress responses. Among these, activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascade has been(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder resulting from polyglutamine expansion in the huntingtin (HTT) protein and for which there is no cure. Although suppression of both wild type and mutant HTT expression by RNA interference is a promising therapeutic strategy, a selective silencing of mutant HTT represents the(More)