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BACKGROUND This study tested the hypothesis that rate-adaptive atrial pacing would prevent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in patients with frequent PAF in the absence of symptomatic bradycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients (n=97) with antiarrhythmic drug-refractory PAF received a Medtronic Thera DR pacemaker 3 months before planned AV node(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with recurrent syncope frequently undergo extensive investigations that consume significant health care resources. Recent advances in long-term monitoring techniques have enhanced diagnostic yield in patients with infrequent symptoms. There is little information on the relative cost-effective profile of the investigative tools used in(More)
BACKGROUND "Inappropriate" sinus tachycardia (IST) is an uncommon and poorly defined atrial tachycardia characterized by inappropriate tachycardia and exaggerated acceleration of heart rate with "normal" P wave. The mechanism of this tachycardia is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of autonomic balance in the genesis of(More)
BACKGROUND We report the first successful slow pathway ablation using a novel catheter-based cryothermal technology for the elimination of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). METHODS AND RESULTS Eighteen patients with typical AVNRT underwent cryoablation. Reversible loss of slow pathway (SP) conduction during cryothermy (ice mapping) was(More)
The prevalence, electrophysiologic characteristics and functional significance of decremental conduction over an accessory pathway were examined in this retrospective study of 653 patients who had an accessory pathway demonstrated at electrophysiologic study. Decremental conduction was identified in 50 patients (7.6%). In 15 patients with anterograde(More)
BACKGROUND Establishing a diagnosis in patients with unexplained syncope is complicated by infrequent and unpredictable events. Prolonged monitoring may be an alternative strategy to conventional testing with short-term monitoring and provocative tilt and electrophysiological testing. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty patients (aged 66+/-14 years, 33 male) with(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with syncope of unknown etiology after negative noninvasive and electrophysiological testing may suffer from recurrent disability. Syncopal episodes are often too infrequent and unpredictable for detection by conventional ambulatory monitoring techniques. METHODS AND RESULTS A long-term subcutaneous monitoring device was implanted in(More)
BACKGROUND The most important factor for improving out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation survival rates is early defibrillation. This can be achieved if small, lightweight, inexpensive automatic external defibrillators are widely disseminated. Because automatic external defibrillator size and cost are directly affected by defibrillation waveform shape(More)
The cause of recurrent syncope is often difficult to determine when initial laboratory investigations are negative. Advances in implantable monitoring technology permit long-term monitoring of the electrocardiogram in patients with recurrent undiagnosed syncope. A pilot device implanted in the left pectoral region established the cardiac rhythm during(More)
The insertion of implantable cardioverter/defibrillators (ICD) requires induction of repeated episodes of ventricular fibrillation (VF). The neuropsychological repercussions associated with repeated inducement of hypotension and cerebral ischemia are unknown. In this prospective clinical trial, 1 day prior to ICD assessment/implantation and 5 days(More)