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Nerve transfers have gained popularity in the treatment of adult brachial plexus palsy; however, their role in the treatment of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) remains unclear. Brachial plexus palsies in infants differ greatly from those in adults in the patterns of injury, potential for recovery, and influences of growth and development. This(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this prospective study was to develop and validate an objective means of grading the presurgical unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity. Our hypotheses are that expert cleft surgeons can reliably rank patients according to their subjective assessment of the degree of unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity and that objective(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical and orthodontic treatment of unilateral cleft lip +/- palate can produce dramatic changes in nasolabial form; however, the lack of ideal methods with which to objectively document three-dimensional form limits the ability to assess treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of three-dimensional(More)
Long term paralysis of the ulnar nerve is associated with an array of specific deficits and deformities. The numerous options for reconstruction are reviewed, as well as the specific patient considerations in selecting a strategy. An approach to late reconstruction for late ulnar nerve palsy is presented based upon the authors' experience and the available(More)
Facial symmetry analysis is complex in both computer vision and medicine. This paper presents a method to compute the plane of symmetry for 3D meshes of the human head and face through learning. The two steps of processing include: 1) landmark-related region detection and 2) symmetry plane computation in the learning stage, which uses the landmarks and the(More)
Cleft lip is a birth defect that results in deformity of the upper lip and nose. Its severity is widely variable and the results of treatment are influenced by the initial deformity. Objective assessment of severity would help to guide prognosis and treatment. However, most assessments are subjective. The purpose of this study is to develop and test(More)
Management of cleft lip and palate requires a unique understanding of the various dimensions of care to optimize outcomes of surgery. The breadth of treatment spans multiple disciplines and the length of treatment spans infancy to adulthood. Although the focus of reconstruction is on form and function, changes occur with growth and development. This review(More)
BACKGROUND The anatomical subunit approximation for unilateral cleft lip repair has gained acceptance; however, outcomes have not been reported since the original description. The purpose of this article is to report the experience using this technique. METHODS One hundred two consecutive patients underwent primary cleft lip repair performed by a single(More)
LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this article, the participant should be able to: (1) Describe the technical details common to all cleft palate repairs that optimize outcomes and minimize complications. (2) Explain the subjective and objective evaluation of speech in children with cleft palate. (3) Practice with an increased awareness of the management of(More)
BACKGROUND Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a debilitating fibro-proliferative disorder of the hand characterized by the appearance of fibrotic lesions (nodules and cords) leading to flexion contractures of the fingers and loss of hand function. Although the molecular mechanism of DD is unknown, it has been suggested that transforming growth factor-beta2(More)