Raymond Saxod

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In 7-day chick embryo dorsal root ganglia and epidermis cocultures, nerve fibers avoid the epidermis. Previous studies have indicated that glycoproteic factors, secreted by epidermis, could be involved in this phenomenon. Treatment of epidermis by beta-D-xyloside, a specific proteoglycan synthesis inhibitor, abolishes the avoidance reaction. The same result(More)
The nervous system is one of the main targets of ethanol toxicity. Astrocytes might play an important role in ethanol-induced brain toxicity, because their integrity is essential for the normal growth and functioning of neurons. On the other hand, acetaldehyde has been implicated as a mediator in some of the biochemical, pharmacological, and behavioral(More)
The neuritic growth patterns obtained on substrates made of several glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) bound to type I collagen were analysed and compared in primary cultures of chick embryo dorsal root ganglion grown in serum-free supplemented medium. In 2-day cultures grown on type I collagen or heparan sulphate (HS)-collagen surfaces, ganglionic explants exhibit(More)
In 7-day chick embryo dorsal root ganglia and epidermis or dermis co-cultures, nerve fibres establish contacts with dermis while avoiding epidermis. Previous results have indicated that factor(s) secreted by epidermis could be involved in this avoidance reaction. The present study demonstrates that the avoidance reaction is abolished when epidermal cells(More)
The striatum of the mammalian basal ganglia is composed of two neurochemically distinct compartments termed patches and matrix that contribute overall to a mosaic organization. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), the sugar moieties of proteoglycans, provide specific spatio-temporal guidance cues during the development of several functional neural systems. However,(More)
In the chicken Merkel corpuscles are located in the dermis and consist of specialized Merkel cells, discoid nerve endings and lamellar cells. Merkel cells contain characteristic membrane-bound dense-core granules and bundles of microfilaments. Asymmetric junctions, synapse like, with thickened membranes and clusters of dense-core vesicles were observed(More)
Three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of images provided by confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) is a powerful tool in a morpho-functional approach to cutaneous innervation studies. To investigate mechanoreceptors in the hand, a study of Merkel complexes was performed in human finger. A double fluorescent-conjugated immunolabeling with antibodies(More)
 In chick skin, nerve arcades develop around the base of feathers. In order to understand the mechanisms of their formation, we have tried to dissociate arcade formation from feather morphogenesis in various ways. Nerve patterns were analysed (1) in hydrocortisone-treated embryos that are partially devoid of feathers, (2) after retinoic acid treatment that(More)
The influence of dermal and epidermal cells on the growth of nerve fibres from chick embryo sensory neurons was investigated in vitro. A previous quantitative analysis showed that the growth of nerve fibres is profoundly modified in the close vicinity of epidermis. This change is mainly characterized by erratic trajectories of nerve fibres resulting from(More)