Raymond S. W. Yeung

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Target of Rapamycin (TOR) mediates a signalling pathway that couples amino acid availability to S6 kinase (S6K) activation, translational initiation and cell growth. Here, we show that tuberous sclerosis 1 (Tsc1) and Tsc2, tumour suppressors that are responsible for the tuberous sclerosis syndrome, antagonize this amino acid-TOR signalling pathway. We show(More)
Normal cellular functions of hamartin and tuberin, encoded by the TSC1 and TSC2 tumor suppressor genes, are closely related to their direct interactions. However, the regulation of the hamartin-tuberin complex in the context of the physiologic role as tumor suppressor genes has not been documented. Here we show that insulin or insulin growth factor (IGF) 1(More)
Although the cellular functions of TSC2 and its protein product, tuberin, are not known, somatic mutations in the TSC2 tumor suppressor gene are associated with tumor development in lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). We found that ribosomal protein S6 (S6), which exerts translational control of protein synthesis and is required for cell growth, is(More)
Genetic predisposition to neoplasia often involves tumor suppressor genes. One such model of hereditary renal carcinoma was described in the rat by Eker. These tumors share morphologic similarities with human renal cancer. Linkage analysis localized the inherited mutation to rat chromosome band 10q12. This region is syntenic with human chromosome band(More)
Disruption of the TSC1 or TSC2 gene leads to the development of tumors in multiple organs, most commonly affecting the kidney, brain, lung, and heart. Recent genetic and biochemical studies have identified a role for the tuberous sclerosis gene products in phosphoinositide 3-kinase signaling. On growth factor stimulation, tuberin, the TSC2 protein, is(More)
Tuberous sclerosis is an inherited syndrome associated with mutations in two tumor suppressor genes: TSC1 and TSC2. Tuberin, the product of TSC2, appears to be localized to the Golgi apparatus and may have a function in vesicular transport. The function of hamartin, the product of TSC1, is not known. In this report, we demonstrate an interaction between(More)
Tuberous sclerosis is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of aberrant growths in many tissues and organs. Linkage analysis revealed two disease-determining genes on chromosome 9 and chromosome 16. The tuberous sclerosis complex gene-2 (TSC2) on chromosome 16 encodes the tumor suppressor protein tuberin. We have shown earlier that(More)
The pathology associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) shows diverse phenotypes that suggest abnormal signaling of multiple pathways. Besides the negative regulatory role of the TSC1/TSC2 proteins on mTOR, we have reported an effect on beta-catenin signaling at the level of the degradation complex in vitro. The TSC1/TSC2 complex associates with GSK3(More)
The tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2) gene encodes the protein tuberin, which functions as a key negative regulator of both mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) C1-dependent cell growth and proliferation. Loss-of-function mutations of TSC2 result in mTORC1 hyperactivity and predispose individuals to both tuberous sclerosis and lymphangioleiomyomatosis.(More)
The tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2) is a tumor suppressor gene that plays a causative role in the autosomal dominant syndrome of tuberous sclerosis. The latter is characterized by the development of hamartomas and occasional malignancies. Expression of the wild-type gene in TSC2 mutant tumor cells inhibits proliferation and tumorigenicity. This(More)