Raymond Ruimy

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CONTEXT Since the first modern clinical description of infective endocarditis (IE) at the end of the 19th century, the profile of the disease has evolved continuously, as highlighted in epidemiological studies including a French survey performed in 1991. OBJECTIVE To update information gained from the 1991 study on the epidemiology of IE in France. (More)
UNLABELLED Since its discovery in the early 2000s, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clonal complex 398 (CC398) has become a rapidly emerging cause of human infections, most often associated with livestock exposure. We applied whole-genome sequence typing to characterize a diverse collection of CC398 isolates (n = 89), including MRSA and(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is an important human pathogen, but it appears more commonly in asymptomatic colonization of the nasopharynx than in cases of invasive disease. Evidence concerning the global population structure of S. aureus is limited by the overrepresentation in the multilocus sequence testing database of disease isolates recovered from Western(More)
We sequenced nearly complete small-subunit rRNAs of 54 reference strains belonging to the genera Vibrio, Photobacterium, Aeromonas, and Plesiomonas. We then performed a phylogenetic analysis by comparing the sequences which we obtained with all other known sequences for bacteria belonging to the gamma subgroup of the Proteobacteria (thus providing a data(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is influenced by multifactorial interactions which are difficult to study in open populations. Therefore, we concomitantly assessed the epidemiological, microbiological, and human-genetic carriage-related factors in a nearly closed population. METHODS In 2006 and 2008, we collected nasal S. aureus strains,(More)
The taxonomic status of Pasteurella piscicida (strain NCIMB 2058T [T = type strain] and a strain isolated from the environment) was investigated by performing phylogenetic analyses of small-subunit rRNA sequences, DNA-DNA hybridization analyses, and biochemical characterization analyses. The results of the phylogenetic analyses and the levels of DNA-DNA(More)
Pig farming is a risk factor for increased nasal Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Using sequence typing and phylogenetic comparisons, we showed that overcolonization of farmers was caused by a few bacterial strains that were not present in nonfarmers but often caused swine infections. This finding suggests a high rate of strain exchange between pigs and(More)
We describe a new species on the basis of phenotypic characteristics and the results of an analysis of small-subunit rRNA sequences. Three strains of this organism were isolated from a culture of the toxin-producing dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima. These bacteria are gram-negative, strictly aerobic, ovoid organisms that are motile by means of one or two(More)
Because of a high prevalence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections, we conducted an epidemiological study to assess the need for systematic surveillance, as well as the value of applying barrier precautions toP. aeruginosa carriers. From July 1997 to February 1998, we conducted a prospective cohort study in an 18-bed medical intensive care unit (ICU), which(More)
BACKGROUND Data on community spread of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MR-CoNS) are scarce. We assessed their potential role as a reservoir of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) IVa, the leading SCCmec subtype in community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA). METHODS Nasal carriage of MR-CoNS(More)