Learn More
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a ubiquitous neuropeptide of the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) family that potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Pancreatic beta cells express two PACAP receptor subtypes, a PACAP-preferring (PAC1) and a VIP-shared (VPAC2) receptor. We have applied a gene targeting approach to(More)
The effect of L-glutamate was studied on glucagon secretion from rat isolated pancreas perfused with 2.8 mM glucose. L-Glutamate (3.10(-5)-10(-4)M) induced an immediate, transient and concentration-dependent glucagon release. The three non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonists, kainate (3.10(-5)-3.10(-3)M),(More)
1. In vivo effect of a P2y-purinoceptor agonist, adenosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (ADP beta S), on insulin secretion and glycaemia were studied both in rats and dogs. 2. In anaesthetized rats, i.v. administered ADP beta S (0.2 mg kg-1) produced an insulin response dependent on the nutritional state of the animals, since we observed only a transient(More)
1. The effects of a P2 purinoceptor agonist, adenosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (ADP-beta-S) have been studied on insulin secretion and flow rate of the isolated perfused pancreas of the rat. 2. In the presence of a moderately stimulating glucose concentration (8.3 mM), ADP-beta-S (4.95-495 nM) evoked a biphasic insulin response in a concentration-dependent(More)
1. The effect of L-glutamate has been studied on insulin secretion by the isolated perfused pancreas of the rat. The glutamate receptor subtype involved has been characterized. 2. In the presence of a slightly stimulating glucose concentration (8.3 mM), L-glutamate (5 x 10(-5)-4 x 10(-3) M) induced an immediate, transient and concentration-dependent insulin(More)
1. The effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and secretin on pancreatic endocrine secretions and vascular resistance were investigated and compared in the isolated perfused pancreas of the rat. The PACAP/VIP receptor types involved have been characterized. 2. On insulin secretion, in the(More)
Microinjections of oxytocin and of an oxytocin antagonist into the dorsal vagal complex of the medulla oblongata were performed in order to study the possible role of the oxytocin containing axons that innervate this region in the regulation of pancreatic insulin secretion. No significant effect was produced by the intramedullary injection of the oxytocin(More)
In order to determine whether agmatine could be a putative endogenous ligand for imidazoline receptors mediating insulin secretion and vasoconstriction, we compared its effects with those of the imidazoline, efaroxan. Agmatine exhibited a much lower potency and efficacy than efaroxan on insulin secretion from rat pancreas perfused with 8.3 mM glucose. On(More)
We previously showed in vitro that glutamate stimulates insulin release via an alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor. Here we address a more physiological question concerning the in vivo effect of intravenously or orally administered glutamate on insulinemia and glycemia in fed and fasted rats. In anesthetized fed rats, the(More)
1. alpha-Endosulphine, isolated as an endogenous equivalent for sulphonylureas, is a 121-amino acids protein of 19 kDa apparent molecular mass, member of a cyclic AMP-regulated phosphoprotein family. We have previously shown that alpha-endosulphine inhibits sulphonylurea binding and K(ATP) channel activity, thereby stimulating basal insulin secretion. 2. We(More)