Raymond Phillips

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The trimming of composite resin restorations encompasses gross finishing, contouring, fine finishing, and polishing. A series of aluminum oxide-coated flexible disks have been marketed and are suitable for that purpose. However, their use is confined to directly accessible convex surfaces. For precise finishing of small delineated areas, and for concave and(More)
Canada's National Agri-Environmental Standards Initiative sought to develop an environmental benchmark for low-level waterborne pathogen occurrence in agricultural watersheds. A field study collected 902 water samples from 27 sites in four intensive agricultural watersheds across Canada from 2005 to 2007. Four of the sites were selected as reference sites(More)
A series of microfilled resin composites were formulated by incrementally mixing either agglomerated 20 nm or unagglomerated 50 nm silica microfillers into monomers composed of diphenyloxymethacrylate and TEGDMA. The microfiller particles were prepared with and without a gamma-methacryloxypropyl-trimethoxy silane coupling agent. Following polymerization,(More)
Etching or roughening the surface of glass ionomer cement before use of composite resins and bond agents produces bond strengths comparable to the bond strength between glass ionomers and dentin. Bond failure at such surfaces occurs within the glass ionomer. Adequate washing with water after acid etching the glass ionomer is essential to obtain optimal bond(More)
This study was performed in part to establish an endotoxin dosage in miniature swine that would yield reproducible cardiovascular and metabolic aberrations over a specific 6-h sampling period, minimizing lethality during that time. Five groups of three 6-mo-old Yucatan miniature pigs were surgically fitted with jugular vein and carotid artery catheters. One(More)
The in vivo disintegration of luting cements was determined at 6- and 12-month intervals in two test series of 20 participants each. Four cements were inserted in the wells located in the mesial and distal surfaces of cast crowns. Glass ionomer, silicophosphate, polycarboxylate, and zinc phosphate cements prepared with recommended powder/liquid ratios are(More)
The inhibitory effect of salicylates on intestinal secretion in 1- to 5-day-old calves given Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin (ST)-induced intestinal fluid response was investigated. Purified ST was diluted in isotonic saline solution to obtain 1:10, 1:25, 1:50, 1:75, and 1:100 dilutions. Each dilution (1 ml) was inoculated into ligated loops in the(More)
The influence of cavity size, material composition, and curing mechanism on wear resistance of Class II MOD resin restorations was analyzed quantitatively. Wear resistance tends to increase both as cavity size decreases, and also from chemical- to light- to heat-cured. As to wear, among the composite resins tested, there was no acceptable resin-based(More)