Raymond Newcombe

Learn More
Both past and presently available toothpastes contain potential antimicrobial agents which could have a beneficial effect in the prevention of plaque and gingivitis. If these preparations were to be effective clinically, some effect on salivary bacteria would also be expected. This cross-over study measured salivary bacterial counts and the presence or(More)
Eight histopathologists, based at different hospitals, who had previously examined 100 consecutive colposcopic cervical biopsies were circulated with the results of the initial study. The slides were then 'reblinded' and re-examined by the pathologists who, as before, assigned them into one of six diagnostic categories. The degree of interpathologist(More)
A number of chlorhexidine mouthwashes are available commercially which differ in formulation and regimen of use. As a comparative measure of antimicrobial persistence, this study evaluated the effect of 4 chlorhexidine mouthwash formulations on salivary bacterial counts after a single rinse. The study was a randomised single-examiner blind 5-way crossover(More)
AIMS Two single centre, randomized single-blind, crossover studies were performed, to compare the effect of a test toothpaste with a conventional fluoride paste in the inhibition and removal of extrinsic dental stain promoted by repeated chlorhexidine/tea rinses. METHODS These studies used 24 subjects in each of two separate clinical trials. On the Friday(More)
Many toothpastes have been formulated over recent years to contain antimicrobial compounds with the aim of preventing or reducing plaque, calculus, gingival inflammation or dental caries. For many, if not all of these toothpastes, it has yet to be proven whether they are significantly better at reducing plaque and gingivitis than conventional toothpastes,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Considerable interest has been shown in the plaque removal properties of modern toothbrush designs. The primary aim of the study was to compare the plaque removal properties of 8 relatively recent designs of manual toothbrush using a professional tooth brusher and within a commonly used time frame. A secondary aim was established to(More)
AIMS A single centre, randomised single-blind, three-way crossover study was performed, to compare the effect of an experimental test toothpaste with a commercially available whitening toothpaste and water control at inhibiting extrinsic stain promoted by repeated chlorhexidine/tea rinses. METHODS This study used 23 subjects. During the week before the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between tobacco smoking, oral hygiene, gingival and periodontal health in young adults. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional (conducted in the course of a cohort study). SETTING Cardiff, UK, 1989 and 2000. METHODS Plaque was recorded, as was presence or absence of bleeding on probing and loss of attachment (LA).(More)
A number of commercially prepared chlorhexidine mouthrinses which are now available are formulated at concentrations lower than the more usual 0.2%. This study compared 0.12% and 0.1% chlorhexidine mouthrinses for effects on plaque regrowth and gingivitis, using a two 19-day period single-operator blind-crossover study design on 14 healthy human volunteers.(More)
A Taurolin solution has been shown previously to possess antibacterial activity, not only by a bactericidal effect but also by reducing bacterial surface adherence. Such mechanisms may contribute to reduction in dental plaque in the mouth, however this remains to be determined. The present study assessed whether a Taurolin rinse could firstly effect(More)